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Monday, September 8, 2008

IOLANI - The Royal Hawk Vol II No. 199

IO-LANI
The Royal Hawk
Ka Nupepa Kuauhau, Moolelo, Kanawai o Hawaii Genealogy, History, Laws of Hawaii Newspaper - News on the Web
Volume II No. 199 Wednesday Weekly September 3, 2008

IO-IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- Greetings! Education, references, documentation, research possibilities, etc. is part of the purposes of this publication. Empowerment comes with knowledge. Knowledge about issues in these days are very important. It is hoped that this information will assist in helping to resolve issues and meant to document history of our Hawaiian people, which has also affected free nations in the world today. Because we are a genealogy based society, Hawaiian genealogical records are posted for your personal or family files. At times, genealogies of U.S. Presidents, etals. will be added when it pertains to political issues that affect many. Aged articles/ historical information, laws, etc. affecting us today will also be posted. Ordinarily, the information presented are banned/limited/ eliminated from the recognized press or media companies controlled by government or many who perpetuate fraud, deviance, criminal malfeasance in Hawaii, Abroad and the United States. All of IO-LANI - THE ROYAL HAWK - issues will be filed at the yahoogroups. com site, see Hawaiian_Genealogy_ Society-akg. or see www.theiolani.blogspot.com Feel free to download a missed copy(ies), or other articles, messages, information. Questions? Please contact editor at hawaiianhistory@ yahoo.com IO-IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-
from Chris....many kanaka maoli are actually signing up with kau inoa for a free t-shirt!.......time for all of those people to rescind their signatures.....aloha.


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IO-IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-


Sudden Rush - Ea

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Sudden Rush - Ea
04:30 From: islandillusions80
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The Apology Bill, Public Law 103-150
The Apology Bill, Public Law 103-150
150 ("the Apology Bill")passed by the US Congress in 1993 and music by Sudden Rush/Dezman....apology us congress hawaiians kanaka
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Hawaii for the kanaka maoli!
IMPORTANT - Please take notes on everything that Alex Luka says....Families, all Kanaka Maoli especially all of you!


Ka'iulani Taping Protest

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Ka'iulani Taping Protest
04:03 From: Moketananda
Views: 893

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Added[TRANSLATED] Princess Poomaikelani: Hawaii's Hidden Princess [TRANSLATED] Princess Poomaikelani: Hawaii's Hidden Princess Presentation of Hawaii's Princess Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani ...the hidden Princess, daughter of Queen Liliuokalani ... Presentation of Hawaii's Princess Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani ...the hidden Princess, daughter of Queen Liliuokalani, heir to The Hawaiian Kingdom, and next in line to the throne after Princess Kaiulani. (more) (less) video lang: enTranslateView original(Translation disabled)Added: 1 month ago
From:leawaiViews: 204
09:04More in Education *******************************************Keep for records WHAT EVERY KANAKA MAOLI NEEDS TO KNOW compiled by Amelia Kuulei Gora, a Royal person (2008) The "glue" that adheres all of us together are genealogies. We are based on a 2,650 - 3,000 year history of genealogies. Our Hawaiian Kingdom/Kingdom of Hawaii/Hawaiian archipelago/He Mokupuni Pae Aina o Hawaii has been the target of many criminal deviants over time and the identity theft of our ancestors, along with the criminal dethroning of our Queen, criminally assuming assets, resources, occupation of our lands became the moves by the U.S. whose representative asked for loans and our House of Nobles said "no" to. Now that many of our people are moving onto their ancestral lands, or pressing on with their beliefs, because most have oral histories of the wrongs, it is best (and wise) to gear up with information to better represent yourselves. Have the following on hand, keep copies for yourselves and family members. If you can, also pass the important information on to those who haven't a clue on what to do.....etc. 1. Genealogy research of your own families. 2. Know that if you're a member of the Royal family(ies) - anyone descending from the King - Kamehameha then that means that you should be aware that governments, and the Masons/Freemasons were set in place to break apart Monarchy governments worldwide. governments: Extract from the 1916 Congressional Record Senate


Senator Owen: I wish to put in the Record the secret treaty of Verona of November 22, 1822, showing what this ancient conflict is between the rule of the few and the rule of the many. I wish to call the attention of the Senate to this treaty because it is the threat of this treaty which was the basis of the Monroe doctrine. It throws a powerful white light upon the conflict between monarchical government and government by the people. The Holy Alliance under the influence of Metternich, the Premier of Austria, in 1822, issued this remarkable secret document:
AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC CODE, 1778-1884
The undersigned, specially authorized to make some additions to the treaty of the Holy Alliance, after having exchanged their respective credentials, have agreed as follows:ARTICLE 1. The high contracting powers, being convinced that the system of representative government is equally as incompatible with the monarchical principles as the maxim of the sovereignty of the people with the divine right, engage mutually, in the most solemn manner, to use all that their efforts to put an end to the system of representative governments, in whatever county it may exist in Europe, and to prevent it being introduced in those countries where it is not yet known.ARTICLE 2. As it can not be doubted that the liberty of the press is the most powerful means used by the pretended supporters of the rights of nations to the detriment of those of princes, the high contracting parties promise reciprocally to adopt all proper measures to suppress it, not only in their own States but also in the rest of Europe.ARTICLE 3. Convinced that the principles of religion contribute most powerfully to keep nations in the state of passive obedience which they owe to their princes, the high contracting parties declare it to be their intention to sustain in their respective States those measures which clergy may adopt, with the aim of ameliorating their own interests, intimately connected with the preservation of the authority of the princes and the contracting powers join in offering their thanks to the Pope for what he has already done for them, and solicit his constant cooperation in their views of submitting the nations.ARTICLE 4. The situation of Spain and Portugal unite unhappily all the circumstances to which this treaty has particular reference. The contracting parties, in confiding to France the care of putting an end to them, engaged to assist her in the matter which may the least compromit [sic] them with their own people and the people of France by means of a subsidy on the part of the two empires of 20,000,000 of francs every year from the date of the signature of this treaty to the end of the war.ARTICLE 5. In order to establish in the Peninsula in the order of things which existed before the revolution of Cadiz, and to insure the entire execution of the articles of the present treaty, the high contracting parties give to each other the reciprocal assurance that as long as their views are not fulfilled, rejecting all other ideas of utility or other measure to be taken, they will address themselves with the shortest possible delay to all the authorities existing in their States and to all their agents in foreign countries, with the view to establish connections tending toward the accomplishment of the objects proposed by this treaty.ARTICLE 6. This treaty shall be renewed with such changes as new circumstances may give occasion for, either at a new congress or at the court of one of the contracting parties, as soon as the war with Spain shall be terminated.ARTICLE 7. The present treaty shall be ratified and the ratifications exchanged at Paris within the space of six months.
Made at Verona the 22nd November, 1822.
for Austria: METTERNICH
for France: CHATEAUBRIAND
for Prussia: BERNSTET
for Russia: NESSELRODE

Senator Owen: "This Holy Alliance, having put a Bourdon prince upon the throne of France by force, then used France to suppress the condition of Spain, immediately afterwards, and by this very treaty gave her a subsidy of 20,000,000 francs annually to enable her to wage war upon the people of Spain and prevent their exercise of any measure of the right of self-government. The Holy Alliance immediately did not same thing in Italy, by sending Austrian troops to Italy, where the people there attempted to exercise a like measure of liberal constitutional self-government; and it was not until the printing press, which the Holy Alliance so stoutly opposed, taught the people of Europe the value of liberty that finally one country after another seized a greater and greater right of self-government, until now it may be fairly said that nearly all the nations of Europe have a very large measure of self-government."However, I wish to call the attention of the Senate to this important history in the growth of constitutional popular self- government. The Holy Alliance made its powers felt by the wholesale drastic suppression of the press in Europe, by universal censorship, by killing free speech and all ideas of popular rights, and by the complete suppression of popular government. The Holy Alliance having destroyed popular government in Spain, and Italy, had well-laid plains also to destroy popular government in the American Colonies which had revolted from Spain and Portugal in Central and South America under the influence of the successful example of the United States.""It was because of this conspiracy against the American Republics by the European monarchies that the great English statesman, Canning, called the attention of our government to it, and our statesmen then, including Thomas Jefferson, who was still living at that time, took an active part to bring about the declaration by President Monroe in his next annual message to the Congress of the United States that the United States would regard it as an act of hostility to the government of the United States and an unfriendly act, if this coalition, or if any power of Europe ever undertook to establish upon the American continent any control of any American republic, or to acquire any territorial rights."This is the so-called Monroe Doctrine. The threat under the secret treaty of Verona to suppress popular government in the American republics is the basis of the Monroe Doctrine. This secret treaty sets fourth clearly the conflict between monarchial government and popular government, and the government of the few as against the government on the many."(Senator Owen, Congressional Record 1916)





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***************************************Masons/Freemasons: The following article appeared before the criminal dethronement of our Queen Liliuokalani: Hawaiian Gazette, Honolulu, Tuesday, January 3, 1893



(note: Queen Liliuokalani was wrongfully dethroned on Tuesday, January 17, 1893, exactly two (2) weeks later.)



THE NEW TEMPLE



The Corner-Stone Is Laid With Masonic Honors.



Eloquent Oration By Hon. Paul Neumann --- Full Account of the Impressive Ceremony.



Tuesday afternoon the cornerstone of the Masonic Temple, on the corner of Alakea and Hotel Streets, was laid with appropriate ceremonies by Hotel Streets, was laid ith appropriate ceremonies by Hawaiian Lodge, No. 21, F. & A.M., for which lodge the new temple is being erected.



Everything passed off pleasantly and the impressive Masonic ceremony was witnessed by a vast concourse of people. During the morning a number of carpenters were engaged erecting a platform for the limited guests. The platform was a covered one and seats were provided for 300 people with a special row of chairs for the Royal party.



About 2:00 o'clock the procession started from the building at the corner of Fort and Queen streets. A: present occupied by Hawaiian Lodge, and marched up Fort street to King, along King to Alakea and up Alakea to the scene of the ceremony, proceeding in the following order:



The Procession



Royal Hawaiian Band.

Henri Berger, Conductor.

Grand Tyler, with a Drawn Sword,

Bro. John Morris Angus

Two Grand Stewards, with White

Rods,

Bro. Charles Jerome Campbell,

Bro. Archibald Forrest Gilillan.

Grand Marshal,

Bro. James Anderson King.

Entered Apprentices,

Fellow Crafts,

Master Masons,

Stewards,

Junior Deacons,

Senior Deacons,

Secretaries,

Treasurers,

Junior Wardens,

Senior Wardens,

Masters,

Past Masters,

Brother Bearing Golden Vessel of

Corp

Brother John Harris Soper,

Two Brethren Bearing Silver Vessel

Of Wine and Oil

Bro. Thomas James King,

Bro. Robert Catton,

Grand Orator and Grand Chaplain,

Bro. Paul Neumann,

P. .M. ., Alexander Mackintosh.

Principal Architect Bearing Working

Te(?),

P..M..C. Briggs Ripley

Grand Secretary

P..M..John Philillips,

Grand Treasurer.

P..M.. James Nelville Monsarrat.

Grand Bible Bearer,

Bro. Charles Ham(?)

Supported by two Stewards with

White Rods,

Bro. William Francis Love

Bro. Abraham Fernandez

Grand Junior Warden,

P..M.. William M. Graham.

Grand Son of Warden,

P..M.. Theodore Cunningham Porter.

Deputy Grand Master,

P..M..John Astair Hasinger.

Grand Master,

P..M.. William Fessenden Allen,

Supported by two Grand Deacons

With Rods.

Bro. Clarence L. Crabbe,

Bro. Milton Nelson Sanders,

Grand Sword Bearer,

Bro. David Bowers Smith

Two Stewards with White Rods,

Bro. William George Ashley,

Bro. William Lewers Hopper.



When the procession reached the new building, thanks to Mr. E. D. Thomas, the contractor of the edifice, everything was in readiness for the ceremony of laying the cornerstone.



During the ceremony, odes were sung by the choir of St. Andrew's Catherdral, Mr. Wray Taylor accompanying on the organ. The instrumental music was furnished by the Hawaiian Band under the direction of Professor H. Berger.



The Ceremony



After a prayer byGrand Chaplain P.M. Rev. Alex. Mackintosh, an ode was sung by the choir, when the ceremony of laying the cornerstone was begun by W. M. Andrew Brown, on behalf of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A.M., who invited Grand Master P.M. W. F. Allen to commence the ceremonies. The Grand Master responded as follows:



YOUR MAJESTY, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN AND BROTHER MASONS:



We are gathered here today by invitation of the Grand Lodge of California, F. & A.M. under authority given me as follows: "You will convene the Grand Lodge of California, F. & A.M., at Honolulu, H. I.. on the 27th day of December, 1892, for the purpose of laying the cornerstone of the new Masonic Temple at that place, performing said ceremony in my place and stead, accepting this as your authority and deputation from me, C. R. Gretman, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of California."; to witness and assist in the ceremony of laying the cornerstone of this building, which, when complete, will be the Hawaiian Masonic Temple.



Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A. M.. was chartered by the Grand Lodge in California on the 5th day of May, 1872 our sister Lodge Le Progress some years older, and the charter members were: Letanel Lyon, C. W. Vincent, Wm. Wond, Frederick W. Thompson, Andrew C. Mott, John Meek, David P. Penhallow, Jas. G. Saukins, Alexander J. Cartwright, Joseph Irwin, F.M. Stokes.



From that time our Lodge has prospered, and today we have one hundred and twenty-seven members, and are able to erect this Temple.



Masonry has always held a high position in Honolulu: sovereigns, governors, judges, clergymen, and those most respected in our community have and do belong to the order.



I do not say that all good citizens are Masons, but I do say that all good Masons are good citizens.



Brother Masons, now that we shall become more prominent, let me ask you to unite with our neighbors the Young Men's Christian Association and the Honolulu Library and Reading Room Association in doing all we can by our good example, to promote good morals, and good citizenship in this our home city.



After the Band played a selection Grand Secretary P.M. John Phillips read the contents of the box which was afterwards deposited in the cavity of the lower stone. The box was made of sheet copper and was 14 l/2 inches long, by 9 inches wide by 7 inches high. The following is the official list of the contents:



List of Documents.



List of contents of receptacle of cornerstone of the new Masonic Temple, corner of Hotel and Alakea Streets laid on St. John's Day, December 27, 1892 at 2:00 P.M.



Objects transferred from receptacle of the cornerstone of former Mason building corner of Queen and Fort Streets, (?) not published in the Daily Bulletin of December 16, 1892.



Photographs of Her Majesty Queen Liliuokalani.

Photograph of H.R.H. Princess Kaiulani.

Photograph of Hon. A.S. Cleghorn

Photograph of Hon. A.F. Judd, Chief Justice and Chancellor, P.M.

Photograph of C. W. F. Alle, P.M., Acting Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of California.

Photograph of Andrew Brown, Master Hawaiian Lodge No. 21 F. & A.M.

Photograph of J.H. Soper, Senior Warden of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21 F. & A.M.

Photograph of the Officers of Lodge le Progres de PO sat le No. 121 F. & A.M.

Photographs of prominent men, Masons and officials of this Kingdom.

Photographs of prominent public buildings.

List of Past Masters, Officers, Members, Trustees, Building Committee and Committee of Arrangements of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F& A.M.; Certified copy of the Dispensation of the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of California, delegating W.F. Allen, P.M. to lay the cornerstone of the new Masonic Temple.

List of Meanings of Lodge de Progreess de l'Oceanie No. 121 F. & A.M.

List of Members of Kamehameha Lodge of Perfection.

Proceedings of Grand Lodge of California of 1881 (?).

Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1892 and 1893(?) compiled by Thos. G. Thrum.

History of the Hawaiian People by W.D. Alexander: Tourist's Guide Through the Hawaiian Islands, by H.M. Whitney

Compiled Laws of 1884.

Seventh Volume Hawaiian Reports.

Report of Chief Justice to Legislature of 1892(?).

Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom, signed by King Kalakaua in 1887.

Report of the Minister of the Interior to the Legislature of 1892.

Copy of Catalogue of Library of Supreme Court.

Copy of rules of Supreme Court.

Session Laws of 1890 (?).

Act to Re-organize the Judiciary Department.

Report of the President of the Board of Health.

Report of the President of the Board of Education.

Review of the Honolulu Water Works by J.C. White, Superintendent.

Report of the Chief Engineer of the Honolulu Fire Department and of the Superintendent of the Honolulu Water Works to the Legislature of 1891(?).

List of the Cabinet: list of the Supreme Court: list of Government officials, Heads of Departments.

Daily Bulletin of December 16, 1892, containing a specified list of objects transferred from the cornerstone of former Masonic building to the receptacle of the cornerstone of the new Masonic Temple.

Legal English and Hawaiian Papers.

Masonic Diploma(?) of King Kalakaua.

Complete set of Hawaiian postage stamps, postal cards and envelopes issued since 1878.

Hawaiian Silver coins, $1, (?), 25c.,inc.: effigy of King Kalakaua.

Planters' Monthly for November, 1892.

Programs of the Ceremony of the Laying of the Cornerstone of the new Masonic Temple, December 27, 1892.



After an ode was sung by the choir, the architect P.M. Clinton B. Ripley distributed the working tools among the Grand Officers, giving the trowel to Grand Master P.M. William F. Allen; the square tot eh Deputy Grand Master; the level to the Senior Grand Warden, P.M. Theodore F. Porter, and the plumb to the Junior Grand Warden, P.M. William M. Graham. These officers then descended from the platform to the stone and placed themselves around it according to the Masonic ritual.



After the cement had been spread on the lower stone, the Grand Master directed the upper stone to be lowered to its place which was done at three separate intervals and at each stoppage the brothers gave the grand honors.



When the stone was properly adjusted the Grand Master pointed the cement upon the edges of the stone and the usual ritual was proceeded with until the tools were returned to the architect, after which another ode was sung by the choir.



Grand Master Allen then introduced Hon. Paul Neumann, the orator of the day, who delivered the following eloquent oration:



The Oration.



MOST WORSHIPFUL GRAND MASTER, YOUR MAJESTY, BROTHER AND LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:



This is the era of terseness. We desire to waste no time and that which is to be said on any occasion must be said briefly, provided that brevity does not detract from the solemnity of the occasion or mar the purport (?) of the speech.



The paragraphs on the newspaper epitomizes the information which he gives us, that we may glean without waste of time what is necessary or interesting to know of the happenings of the day, and he is appreciated. The speaker of the day who says that which he is called upon to say without waste of words or time deserves also appreciation and praise.



Let me then, in accepting the honor of addressing this goodly assemblage, make up by the brevity of the discourse for other defects.



Not only to the members of the Hawaiian Lodge of Masons, but to our fellow citizens, this ceremony is of interest. With this ceremony is inaugurated further advancement of our town as well as a manifestation of the prosperity of our Order and our Lodge. On the 12th day of January, in the year of our Lord 1852, over forty years ago, an application was made to the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of California for a dispensation to open a lodge of Masons in Honolulu under the name of Hawaiian Lodge. A few months later, on the 5th day of May of that year, a regular charter was granted to that lodge giving it a lawful standing throughout the world.



The lodge then began its masonic work and while its meeting place improved in appearance from time to time, and while it could boast of the possession of its own house, many of the members deemed the accomodations insufficient. Hence arose the intention which we are not carrying out, of erecting a place where we find room not only for our masonic work, but also for social converse.



For more than forty years our lodge has been in existence, maintaining the rites and principles of the ancient craft without a taint upon the membership or work; without strife, without comity, without ill feeling, but in undisturbed harmony has this lodge done its work during all that length of time.



The records of this lodge are but part of the evidence of the good done by it and its situation upon the confines of the world of our European and American bretheren has given additional value and weight to all the charitable acts performed by this lodge and its individual members.



In former days when the communication between these Islands and Europe and America was scant and irregular, it must have been a great comfort for the stranger brother landing upon these shores to find a loge of brothers of the mystic tie to welcome him.



To find men with whom he could fraternize, and who in a measure lessened, under the shelter of the lodge, that sense of loneliness and dejection of spirit which is so often caused by the absence of relatives and friends. It is one of the boons which masonry grants, that wherever we go, even in the furthest regions of the world, where all whom we meet are strangers, there is usually some one found who is attached to us the by bonds of masonry; with whom we can find a home; whose presence gives us a feeling of security and lifts the weight of loneliness which would otherwise depress us.



We as Masons do not ask charity. There is no grinding obligation on the part of a brother mason to assist us by the diminishing his own means. Masons do not trade or speculate upon those obligations which we assume so freely and willingly.



Doubtless there are men who have joined our order for purely selfish ends. Doubtless there are men utterly worthless who have gained admission to our house, who have by their subsequent conduct laid bare their worldlessness to the masonic and to the outside world. It is a consoling fact that they are not many in number and it is as a consoling fact that they do not stay with us after they are found out.



Such mistakes as the admission of persons of that class are sometimes unavoidable. Let us be warned to exercise the utmost caution in the selection of those who seek admission, and let us hope that when we are installed in this new house no cowans will gain access to our family; that none but those who are found worthy and well qualified will be permitted to join us.



Before the institution of our lodge the Order was represented here by our sister lodge Le Progres de l'Oceanie, under the jurisdiction of the Grand Orient of France. If information is correct, this lodge was opened in 1842, ten years before the birthday of Hawaiian Lodge. In those days I am told, they had no lodge room on shore, and the earliest meetings of this venerable lodge were held on board of the ship of Captain Letellier, who was authorized to institute the lodge. From that time on many of our best appreciated fellow citizens because members of Le Progress. Some have joined the silent majority, a goodly number remain and sustain our ocean-born sister. We welcome them to-day in the true masonic spirit, to join with us in this important celebration and hope to see them share in whatever good may be the outcome of our present undertaking.



This day, my brethren, is a day of justifiable pride to us. On this, our masonic holiday, is laid the corner stone for the new temple of our lodge.



This budding which is to adorn our town by its outward beauty.



This building wherein the social and moral virtues inculcated by masonry are to be, and will be practiced and maintained.



This building, from whose portals will issue messages of fraternal love and deeds of charity, and assurances of good will toward all men.



To those of our guests who are not connected with the order, a few historic facts relating to our order may prove interesting. Our association of so called speculative masons is comparatively young in date, in so far as regards his direct influence upon civilization, education and sociality. It is known to have exercised such influence at the beginning of the 10th centry or about four hundred years ago.



Free masonry existed centuries before that time. It originated by the formation of a guild of builders and institution of lodges, among whose members were apprentices, fellows of the craft and masters. It had its rules of government, its instructions and its signs and passwords, just as we have now.



The grand architectural monument of the middle ages and of the time of the renaissance cathedrals, churches, palaces, bridges and other ornamental and useful structurs were built by the most skillful wormen. Those who followed the vocation of masons and attained masterships traveled from one place to many other places where their skill and services were needed and prized.



As a passport recommending them for possessing the requisite skill and stainless character, certain words and signs were imparted to them, by means of which they were sure of being accepted, though they came from foreign lands. These were the operative masons, and their art is called by us operative masonry in contradistinction from speculative masonry, to which we devote ourselves.



From the intermingling of operative masons with men, who though not of the craft, were imbued with the love and appreciation of the arts and sciences, and especially of architecture, our modern or speculative masonry took its rise. This latter art and science did not aid in the erection of beautiful edifices and structures, but set for its task to make man better and more perfect, and in him to raise an edifice worthy of acceptance by the Great Builder of the world.



In the same manner wherein the benefits mentioned were bestowed upon operative master masons, so in speculative masonry., those members who are sufficiently advanced in worth and knowledge receive tokens and signs by means of which they can make themselves known as masons at home and abroad.



Even in foreign parts and where they are unacquainted with the tongue of the land they can by those signs and words gain recognition and claim as a right the assistance and protection of the members of our order. You may think that a keen and shrewd observe could accidentally or surreptitiously obtain those signs and tokens which are simple indeed, but nothing is more difficult than for an imposter to continue his imposition for any length of time.



From this by no means lowly source then sprang this institution of Freemasons, and naturally it adopted for its symbols many of the tools of operative masons.



For instance the twenty-four inch gauge which is to teach us the proper division of the hours of the day allotting one-third to the service of God and charity, another third to our usual vocations and another third to refreshment and repose.



Again the plunder, a symbol to teach us to walk uprightly in the sight of God and man; the square to teach us to practice honestly in all our dealings; the level to remind us of the right of all mankind to equal consideration.



We have also our traditions. The outside world derides them as mythical and puerile, but we find in them sublime teaching; we find in them ethics far above any other except the gospel; we find in them thoughts above sublunary aspirations; we find in them a guide and inspiration to the noblest efforts of humaness.



If we believe those traditions feeling and knowing that their influence works good, why should the outside world object?



In every word, in every legend, in every charge and in every lecture in Masonry nothing is contained except that which makes man purer and better.



All our lore teems with admonitions to be charitable, to be just, to be honest, to be temperate, to be loyal, as men and as citizens.



Then if we choose to place the beginning of our institution as coeval with the beginning of the world, or with the time of the flood, or with the building of the temple at Jerusalem, or with any time, and accept that as an esoteric fact, whom does it concern?



It is only the purposes of Masonry which may concern the world at large.



What are those purposes? Essentially these: To command the practice of charity, not in it's narrower, but in its broader application to improve the mind and to preserve the morale of the members.



To promote good fellowship and fraternal love among men who are not bound thereto by blood relationship.



To remove irritating differences created through diversity of nationality or religion. To having all our fellowmen, as far as possible, to a recognition of the brotherhood of mankind and of the necessity and propriety of goodwill among all men and nations. To enable us by precept and example to curb our passions, repress our selfish aims and learn to practice that consideration toward others which is a distinguishing mark of gentlemen.



These aims are noble and high enough to condone but the slight offence of pomp in our traditions, in our rites and it, our regalia. There is a seriousness and solemnity in our work which may well exclude the commonplace from our ceremonies.



The site upon which our temple is to stand is connected with some historic reminiscences of the town of Honolulu. Upon this land, where a few months ago, the cow of our good friend Dr. McGrew was want to chew the solitary cud and where now the busy noise of the builders resounds, stood in olden times a Temple of Thespis devoted to the drama and to music.



In that house many of the masterpieces of the poets were presented for the instruction of the art-loving citizens of Honolulu; in it were heard beautiful straits of music, ad delightful songs of some of the great artists of the day.



In that house were evoked touching memories of homes and of loved ones far away from this ultima thule of Western civilization.



What more appropriate site for our Masonic temple could have been chosen? As fellowcrafts we were bidden to cultivate the seven liberal arts, among them grammar, rhetoric and music. And is there not, moreover, in the Master's degree a drama? A drama most closely and intimately connected with the traditions our our order.



A tragedy of deepest pathos which calls forth the heartfelt pity in the breast of the initiate, but which bears with it a solemn lesson of resurrection and immortality.



A drama whereof the moral is that man may perish, but that his spiritual part and his virtues, that fidelity, truth and love remain imperishable.



Our ancient and honorable order has had the reproach laid at its door that it indulges in useless and childish mysticism. Who that understands the deeper import of our legends and the beautiful and comforting lessons which we gain from the, will echo the accusation?



Has not the Saviour spoken in parables? Are the poems of the inspired writers without merit and of less value than because the noble thoughts in them appear in attractive disguise?



There may be myths and fictions in our ritual, but they detract nothing from the noble aims and aspirations of our institution. Our Order has been accused of fomenting discontent, undermining religious faith and creating dangers for States and Churches. How far from the truth is this. One of our earliest instructions enjoins obedience to the law, loyalty to the country, forbearance with those who differ from us in creed.



Henry of Beaufort, the Cardinal of Winchester, suceeded in suppressing the meetings and conventions of Masons daring the minority of Henry the VI, of England. After the King attained his majority he not only caused this order to be repeated, but became a member and a patron of the Freemasons, and his successor, Henry the VII, was one of the Grand Masters of the Order.



In 1799, when secret political societies mainly of anarchists, sprung up like mushrooms, a prohibitory law against secret societies was enacted by Parliament, but the Masonic Order was honorably excepted from its provisions, showing pretty clearly that our Order has not favored sedition or lawlessness.



The fact that Masonic tenets discountenance bigotry and intolerance has created prejudice against masonry in the minds of bigots and fanatics, and those who weakly follow them. Our Order has been accused of exerting deleterious influence upon us in our public relations and functions.



Those who are of us know how groundless those charges are. They know that we are taught to fulfill our duties with unswerving rectitude and impartiality, but always with charity toward the weak and erring. We do not countenance oppression, or cruelty, or crime, or vice in our Order, but in the exercise of that virtue which is the foundation and reason for the existence of Masonry in the exercise of charity, we try to save, to redeem, to console, to encourage the erring brother, without, however, interfering with human justice.



This is not a defense against cavilers. In the consciousness of the probity of our aims and deeds, our Order needs no defense. The binding force which unites us as though we were brothers by blood and affinity, is charity, the ever recurring lesson in our Masonic life is to restrain our passions and that to curb that strongest of our impulses—our selfishness. We have been accused of exclusiveness. As in natural relationship, we usually give greater scope to affection and considerateness to our relatives, so it is true that in our Masonic relations we are more strongly inclined to those who are accepted in our brotherhood, than to those who are not bound to us.



The reason of this is not only that we expect and know ourselves to be entitled to reciprocal consideration, but because we are assured that those whom we aid, comfort and sustain are generally worthy of it.



Mistakes may occur. All human schemes and contrivances are imperfect. Perfection by the grace of the Grand Master of the Universe we may, and hope to attain hereafter—not in this life. But as a system to join in universal brotherhood all free, educated, virtuous and unselfish men regardless of religion, regardless of nationality, regardless of station, regardless of wealth—none other has ever approached Freemasonry in promise or for hope of fruition.



No other attempt has ever been made by the civilized part of the human race to smooth the approach of man to man in fraternal affection and loving forbearance, and to carry our Christ's commands of love for our fellow man.



The tender solicitude of Masons for unfortunate and sick brothers, and for the widows and orphans of departed members of the order; the ready and gracious help and consideration which they accord to brother Masons who are strangers; the patient forbearance which they show to weak and erring brothers who are not past redemption; the courteous deference to those who are of different creeds, political opinions, or nationality, all these are the result of Masonic teaching.



Nor do we confine our charitable acts to our own Masonic family exclusively. Whenever and wherever the cry of distress proclaimed a public calamity, the Masons were in the van with others in procuring and carrying relief to the stricken communities.



Whenever and wherever institutions for the advancement of education or the relief of the sick were created by public contribution, the Masons stood side by side with other generous men in promoting the work.



If such is the effect of Masonic lessons, we can well overlook the scoffs at our claims for antiquity, at our peculiarities of ritual and language, and at our harmless pomp.



Upon the heaven implanted foundation of charity our house is built. Not alone that charity which is prompted by the sight of suffering and misery, not alone that charity which is evoked because we feel that fate has dealt more kindly with us than with those whose misfortune appeals to our generosity, but that higher charity which in the words of the gospel covereth a multitude of sins.



That charity which leaves pride behind, and making as conscious of our own transgressions, induces us in an humble spirit to crave forgiveness for our own failures, whilst we hold out a helping hand to those who are weaker and more needful of help than ourselves.



That charity which raise up to the level of the angels, and appeals to the all-merciful Creator to take into account our good intent, and not to score against as our short-comings.



Then let this house when built become the abode of harmony and virtue, and in its halls and everywhere let sweet charity continue to move us to good and acceptable deeds, that our course as men and Masons may gain approval above and appreciation here.



After the oration the hymn "Old Hundred" was sung by the choir, the audience joining in the singing. The ceremonies were terminated with a benediction by the Grand Chaplain.



List of Members.



Following is the list of members of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21 F. & a.M.:



PAST MASTERS – William Fessenden Allen, Albert Francis Judd, George Everett Howe, Robert More, William Montrose Graham,; John Adair Hassinger, Alexander Mackintosh, Theo. Cunningham Porter, James Melville Monsarrat, John Phillips.



PAST MASTERS OF OTHER LODGES – William Henry Cornwell, Clinton Briggs Ripley.



MASTER MASONS –

Ashley, William George
Auebach, Frank Bond

Austin, Stafford Lapham

Beckley, George Charles

Bohm, William Siegfried

Boyd, James Harbottle

Brown, Malcolm

Brown, George Watson

Bruns, John Henry

Buchholtz, Franz

Campbell, Thomas

Campbell, Charles Jerome

Carter, Samuel Morrill

Catton, Robert

Cleghorn, Archibald Scott (Trustee)

Cummings, Jr. , James Henry

Eckart, Maxmillan

English, Henry

Ewart, George Robert

Farnsworth, Joan

Fernandez, Abraham

Foote, Gilbert

Gilillian, Archibald Forrest

Goldberg, Mauried

Goodale, Warren

Gray, George

Gregory, James

Grossman, Moses Edward

Hammer, Charles

Harrison, John Henry

Heinemann, George

Hewitt, George Clinton

Hopper, William Lewers

Hyman, Joseph

Johnson, William

Johnson, Christopher

Jones, John Griffith

Jones, John Walter

King, Thomas James

Linder, Axel Ferdinand

Lindsay, Adam

Little, Joseph Musgrave

Lihman, Thomas Walker

Louisson, Morris

Love, William Francis

McGregor, Alexander

McIntyre, Edward

Melanphy, John

Monachesi, Herbert Drew

Myhre, Halvor

Neumann, Paul

Nolte, Henry Julius

Parker, Samuel

Paty, John Henry (trustee)

Phelps, Caspar Fittig Phelps

Poor, Henry French

Pratt, James William

Reist, Jay Harry

Renton, James Robert

Roth, Simon

Rowat, Allan Rithie

Schaefer, Frederick August

Schlemmer, Maximillian

Scholtz, Oswald

Serimgeour, Alan Briggs

Searle, John Cooper

Shepard, Alfred

Smith, Henry

Smith, Thomas

Smith, William Graham

Smith, David Bowers

Smithies, John Samuel

Sorrenson, Thomas

Strebs, Edward

Strobach, Frank

Stupplebeen, John

Swift, Sydney Bourne

Tannatt, Thomas

Tenney, Edward Davies

Tripp, Alfred Newton

Turner, Lewis Farrant

Wade, Ehner Ellsworth

Wall, Charles Frederick

Wallace, Kenneth Robert Gordon

Weight, William

Wentworth, Harris Barnes

West, Gideon

White, John Corbet

Wilcox, William Luther

Wilder, John Knights

Wilder, Gerrit Parmile

Williams, Robert Barker

Wood, Clifford Brown

Wootten, Henry George

Worth, Henry Fletcher



Fellow Craft Masons -



Conant, Elmer Ellsworth

Fair, James



Entered Craft Masons -



Isenberg, Daniel Paul Rice

Kuehu, Rolando

Peterson, Arthur Porter



The Committees



Committee of Arrangements -



Cooper, Henry E.

Wall, Thomas E.

King, James A.

Wood, C. R.

Campbell, Charles J.



Building Committee -



Schaefer, F. A.

Catton, Robert

Mackintosh, P.M. Rev. Alex.

Hammer, Charles

Porter, P.M.T.C.

Sanders, M.N.

Wilder, J.K.



Installation of Officers



As soon as the ceremonies were completed, the Masons formed line and marched to the old hall, preceded by the Hawaiian Band. At a meeting, afterwards held, the following officers were installed for the Masonic year:



Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. and A.M. -



Brown, Andrew - W.M.

Soper, John Harris - S.W.

Cooper, Henry Ernest - J.W.

Giffard, Walter Montais - Treasurer

Wall, Thomas Edward – Secretary

Mackintosh, Alexander – Chaplain

King, James Anderson – Marshal

Crabbe, Clarence Linden – S.D.

Sanders, Milton Nelson – J.D.

Gilfillan, Archibald Forrest – Steward

Campbell, Chas. Jerome – Steward

Angus, John Morris – Tyler





THE NEW TEMPLE.





Description of the Building Now Being Erected.



Appended wil be found a brief description of the new Masonic Temple now in course of erection at the corner of Alakea and Hotel streets. Mr. C.B. Ripley is the architect.



In the erection of a new Masonic Temple the problem given by the Building Committee to their architect to solve was to design a building which should have an exterior suggestive of the character of the building, pleasing in its outlines, inexpensive in detail, and with interior arrangements fully up to all the requirements of the Craft. Lava rock was selected as the material for the construction of the building, because it possessed a beauty and richness in itself that no elaborate ornamentation in other material could give, and thus the exterior is almost wholly devoid of ornamentation, the details being simple but effective, the general design being an adaptation of the recent use of the Renaissance style of architecture, so far as it could be made available, the strictest economy in expenditure being required in everything except that which appertained to the solidity and durability of the structure.



The first floor contains five suites of offices, each suite having two large well lighted and well ventilated rooms connected by sliding doors. Each suite of rooms having front and rear entrances and having stationary wash-basins and electric lights. There is a broad veranda in front protecting these rooms from the glare of the sun, and making them most desirable for doctors, dentists, or even for private apartments. And at any time in the future when there is a demand for stores in this locality the partitions dividing the rooms of each suite can be removed and stores second to none in Honolulu are available.



The second floor is to be used entirely for Masonic purposes. The entrance is through two large arches in the tower at the corner of the building into a vestibule with tiled floor up broad stairs, and landing in an entrance hall on the seconf floor. From this hall access is had to the Tyler's room 18X30 feet with a ceiling 20 feet high and galleries on two sides. From the Tyler's room double doors admit to the Lodge room 32X54 feet, the ceiling being 20 feet high at the sides and 25 feet high in the center. This room isthoroughly ventilated and in the warmest nights will be found delightfully cool and pleasant; it has large windows on three sides arranged to open at any joint desired, giving fresh air without draughts, and with the system of ventilation used in the ceiling and apex of roof above, this room will be a model lodge room. Connected with the Tyler's room and by separate entrance with the lodge room are the ante-rooms containing all the conveniences required by any of the Masonic bodies. Beyond the Tyler's room and connected with the same by sliding doors, 14 ft. wide, is the banquet hall, 20X30 ft., with a reading room, 13X13 ft., adjoining , both well lighted and ventilated. Special care has been given to the arrangement of that part of this "Masonic Home," in which the members spend the hours while "called from labor to refreshment." From these rooms exit is had to the hall and stairway, also the lavatory, which contains every convenience that the best modern plumbing furnishes. Rooms for the storage of the paraphernalia used by the different Masonic bodies are arranged on the third floor, which occupies a portion of the building. Every window is to be supplied with patent sliding blinds, the entire building to be lighted with electric lights.



This Masonic Temple is being built for the future as well as for the present. The materials for its construction are the best and most durable; the workmanship called for is to be first-class, and the architect is employed to give every detail the most careful supervision, so that nothing may be left undone which shall add to the strength and beauty of the structure; and that the work of Hawaiian Lodge in "operative masonry" may be as successful as it has been in "speculative masonry" must be the wish of every citizen of Honolulu.



3. Premeditation of assuming Hawaii article found by researcher Shane Lee Article PreviewIOLANI








Researcher Important Discovery which CHANGES HISTORY!







PEARL HARBOR CONTROL WAS DIRECTED BY WASHINGTON SIX (6) DAYS BEFORE THE CRIMINAL DETHRONEMENT OF HAWAIIʻS QUEEN LILIUOKALANI IN 1893!







Researcher - Shane Lee, a Royal person
reviewed by Amelia Kuulei Gora, a Royal person

This important article may be found at THE NEW YORK TIMES, Published: January 9, 1893 was discovered by researcher Shane Lee a few days ago.

It appears that Washington utilized the "wire" to relay messages to "the framers of the new treaty (with the Hawaiian Kingdom)".....and were instructed to "avoid all mention of troops. All that is necessary is the continuance of the exclusive right to enter Pearl Harbor and establish and maintain there a naval station".

So, let us look at the facts CHRONOLOGICALLY:

1893

January 9, 1893 - New York publication THE NEW YORK TIMES relays the information to the "framers of the new treaty" via posted information .

note(s): Directions, commands were given from Washington via the news publications, the media.

Researchers should review previous newspapers, publications, etc. of major events occurring/surrounding the time period.

January 15, 1893 -Sunday- Queen Liliuokalani discarded the Bayonnet Constitution.

January 15, 1893 -Sunday - Prayers and speechʻs made; unlawful public gathering with the intentions to pursue treasonous and terrorist activities.

note(s): Refer to the article about Lynching - see back issues of the IOLANI - The Royal Hawk/ book - Shadows In the Light by Amelia Kuulei Gora at www.lulu.com - regarding Church meetings prior to the intended crimes.

Briefly, the Whites attended Church, prayed, then moved to LYNCH blacks /People of Color in the South. In other words, they prayed before they moved in to physically, emotionally, spiritually, etc. KILL.

January 16, 1893 - Monday - 1,300 citizens gathered endorsing the Committee of Safety; illegal public gathering, inciting riot; public violence; public display of offensive and treasonous activities occured; terrorists backed by a country under a treaty, a convention that was due to end in 1894.....the treaty which was written about in January 9, 1893.

Monday evening - Terrorists infiltrated their planned areas.

January 17, 1893 - Tuesday - Terrorists/Provisional government leaders or the "framers of the new treaty" moved to establish themselves at the Government House, the Palace surrendered, Station House surrendered; Terrorists raised themselves to Power; Surrender of the Palace made to maintain peace contrary to violence as a tradeoff; surrender of station house made to maintain peace contrary to violence as a tradeoff.

Queen Liliuokalani "temporarily" yielder her authority to the United States Government, to its President, as a fact Finder, and NT to the terrorist entity Provisional Government and to avoid bloodshed.

Observations:

The concerted effort to occupy Hawaii was a longtime planned movement which included conspirators/terrorists/mercenaries/treasonous persons operating under the directions/ in sync with instructions from Washington via the support of the media as it continues today.

Washington is up shit creek, in deep kimchee because all research shows the devious activities of a bankrupt nation moving to assume the valuables of others through the concerted use of their contacts/mercenaries, the military "troops", and the controlled media.

It is truly Diabolical, or beyond evil.................Americans.....take back your government and make corrections NOW!

aloha.


Click on the link to read the entire article:
109693193.pdf (112KB) No virus threat detected File: 109693193.pdf Download File
References: Various articles in the IOLANI - the Royal Hawk news from Hawaii, THE NEW YORK TIMES, January 9, 1893, CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF HAWAII, ABROAD, AND THE UNITED STATES (2003) and other books by Amelia Kuulei Gora, a Royal person

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PEARL HARBOR COALING STATION.; IMPERATIVE NECESSITY THAT THE UNITED STATES TAKE POSSESSION.
Save


January 9, 1893, Wednesday

Page 9, 1176 words

WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. -- The United States, through the inactivity of the Navy Department and the indifference of the State Department, is likely to lose the only coaling station of which it stands in real need. Nothing has been done since 1884, when the Pearl Harbor site in the Hawaiian Islands became available, beyond a number of surveys which have abundantly demonstrated the excellence of this harbor as a site for a naval station. [ END OF FIRST PARAGRAPH ]

Note: This article will open in PDF format. Get Adobe Acrobat Reader or Learn More » Reference: New York Times article about the Pearl Harbor Treaty, January 9, 1893. 4. Annexation did not occur or could not occur legally: See Palmyra Island Courtcase testimony by University of Hawaii at Manoa Law Professor Williamson Chang. First Circuit Court. Also see Keanu Sai's recent find in the Maui News about the annexation claim being illegal. 5. Opposition to Statehood was made by a Kamehameha descendant named Harold Abel Cathcart: 6. Public Law 103-150 - Apology of the U.S. President William Clinton: 7. The U.S. Presidents are Masons/Freemasons: REVIEWING THE U.S. PRESIDENTS
PARTICULARLY THOSE AFFECTING THE Kingdom of Hawaii/The Hawaiian Kingdom/ The Hawaiian Archipelago/ The Hawaiian Islands

Review by Amelia Kuulei Gora, a Sovereign Heir/Royal person - one of the descendants of Kamehameha, Queen Liliuokalani, Princess Poomaikelani, etals. (2007)

The following is a list of the U.S. Presidents, with a focus on the Mason/ Freemason Presidents which affected Hawaii's Royal families, Kamehameha's descendants, including the wrongful/criminal dethronement of Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani, her families, her subjects in Hawaii since the American Civil War because the U.S. was bankrupt and moved to assume funds, assets, lands, resources, etc. along with England/Great Britain, France, etals.

The criminal deviance affects Hawaii, along with the World today.


George Washington, 1789-1797
John Adams, 1797-1801
Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809
James Madison, 1809-1817
James Monroe, 1817-1825
John Quincy Adams, 1825-1829
Andrew Jackson, 1829-1837
Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841
William Henry Harrison, 1841
John Tyler, 1841-1845
James Knox Polk, 1845-1849
Zachary Taylor, 1849-1850
Millard Fillmore, 1850-1853
Franklin Pierce, 1853-1857
James Buchanan, 1857-1861
Abraham Lincoln, 1861-1865
Andrew Johnson, 1865-1869
Ulysses Simpson Grant, 1869-1877
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 1877-1881
James Abram Garfield, 1881
Chester Alan Arthur, 1881-1885
Grover Cleveland, 1885-1889
Benjamin Harrison, 1889-1893
Grover Cleveland, 1893-1897
William McKinley, 1897-1901
Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1909
William Howard Taft, 1909-1913
Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1921
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 1921-1923
Calvin Coolidge, 1923-1929
Herbert Clark Hoover, 1929-1933
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933-1945
Harry S. Truman, 1945-1953
Dwight David Eisenhower 1953-1961
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1961-1963
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 1963-1969
Richard Milhous Nixon, 1969-1974
Gerald Rudolph Ford, 1974-1977
James Earl Carter, Jr., 1977-1981
Ronald Wilson Reagan, 1981-1989
George Herbert Walker Bush, 1989-1993
William Jefferson Clinton, 1993-2001
George Walker Bush, 2001-
***********************************************************
From the POLITICAL GRAVEYARD site/ http://politicalgraveyard.com


U.S. President Abraham Lincoln -

Note: A Mason/Freemason due to his Knights of Pythias membership, and assumed Loyal Legion member.

Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865) — also known as 'Honest Abe'; 'Old Abe'; 'The Rail-Splitter'; 'The Illinois Baboon' — of Illinois. Born in a log cabin, Hardin County (part now in Larue County), Ky., February 12, 1809. Grandnephew by marriage of David Rittenhouse Porter; married, November 4, 1842, to Mary Todd; married to the sister-in-law of Ninian Wirt Edwards; married to the half-sister-in-law of N. H. R. Dawson; father of Robert Todd Lincoln. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during the Black Hawk War; lawyer; member of Illinois state house of representatives, 1834-41; U.S. Representative from Illinois 7th District, 1847-49; candidate for Republican nomination for Vice President, 1856; candidate for U.S. Senator from Illinois, 1858; President of the United States, 1861-65; died in office 1865. English ancestry. His election as president in 1860 precipitated the Civil War; determined to preserve the Union, he led the North to victory on the battlefield, freed the slaves in
the conquered states, and in doing this, redefined American nationhood. Shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865; died at Peterson's Boarding House, across the street, the following day, April 15, 1865. He was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900. His portrait appears on the U.S. penny (one cent coin) since 1909, and on the $5 bill since 1913. From the 1860s until 1927, his portrait also appeared on U.S. notes and certificates of various denominations from $1 to $500. Interment at Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill. Lincoln counties in Ark., Colo., Idaho, Kan., La., Minn., Miss., Mont., Neb., Nev., N.M., Okla., Ore., Wash., W.Va., Wis. and Wyo. are named for him.
Cross-reference: Isham N. Haynie; William M. Stone; John Pitcher; Stephen Miller; John T. Stuart; William H. Seward; Henry L. Burnett; Judah P. Benjamin; Robert Toombs; Richard Taylor Jacob; Clement Claiborne Clay, Jr.; George W. Jones; James Adams; John G. Nicolay
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Abraham Lincoln: David Herbert Donald, Lincoln; George Anastaplo, Abraham Lincoln : A Constitutional Biography; G. S. Boritt, ed., The Lincoln Enigma : The Changing Faces of an American Icon; Albert J. Beveridge, Abraham Lincoln 1809-1858 (out of print); Thomas DiLorenzo, The Real Lincoln : A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War; Geoffrey Perret, Lincoln's War : The Untold Story of America's Greatest President as Commander in Chief; David Herbert Donald, We Are Lincoln Men : Abraham Lincoln and His Friends; Edward Steers, Jr., Blood on the Moon: The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln; Mario Cuomo, Why Lincoln Matters : Today More Than Ever; Michael W. Kauffman, American Brutus : John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracies; Karen Judson, Abraham Lincoln (for young readers)
Critical books about Abraham Lincoln: Thomas J. DiLorenzo, The Real Lincoln : A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unecessary War
Fiction about Abraham Lincoln: Gore Vidal, Lincoln: A Novel
U.S. President Andrew Johnson -

Note: He was a member of Freemasons and Knights of Templar.

Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875) — of Carthage, Moore County, N.C.; Greeneville, Greene County, Tenn. Born in Raleigh, Wake County, N.C., December 29, 1808. Married, May 17, 1827, to Eliza McCardle; father-in-law of David Trotter Patterson. Mayor of Greeneville, Tenn., 1830; member of Tennessee state house of representatives, 1835; member of Tennessee state senate, 1841; U.S. Representative from Tennessee 1st District, 1843-53; Governor of Tennessee, 1853-57, 1862-65; U.S. Senator from Tennessee, 1857-62, 1875; died in office 1875; Vice President of the United States, 1865; President of the United States, 1865-69; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1868. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar. In 1868, was impeached by the House of Representatives; tried and aquitted by the Senate, which voted 35 to 19 (short of the required two-thirds) on three of the eleven articles of impeachment. Died, after a series of strokes, at his daughter's home in Carter County, Tenn.,
July 31, 1875. Interment at Andrew Johnson National Cemetery, Greeneville, Tenn.
Cross-reference: Edmund G. Ross; George T. Brown; Christopher G. Memminger; Thomas Overton Moore
See also: congressional biography.
Books about Andrew Johnson: Hans Louis Trefousse, Andrew Johnson: A Biography; Mary Malone, Andrew Johnson (for young readers)
Critical books about Andrew Johnson: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Ulysses Simpson Grant -

Note: He was a Loyal Legion member.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822-1885) — also known as Ulysses S. Grant; 'Savior of the Union'; 'Lion of Vicksburg'; 'The Austerlitz of American Politics'; 'Unconditional Surrender Grant'; 'The Galena Tanner'; 'The Silent Soldier'; 'The Silent General' — of Galena, Jo Daviess County, Ill. Born in Point Pleasant, Clermont County, Ohio, April 27, 1822. Married, August 22, 1848, to Julia Boggs Dent; father of Frederick Dent Grant. Republican. General in the Union Army during the Civil War; President of the United States, 1869-77; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1880. Methodist. Scottish ancestry. Member, Loyal Legion. Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900. His portrait appears on the U.S. $50 bill, and also appeared on $1 and $5 silver certificates in 1887-1927. Died of throat cancer, at Mt. McGregor, Saratoga County, N.Y., July 23, 1885. Interment at General Grant Memorial, Manhattan, N.Y. Grant counties in Ark., Kan., La., Minn., Neb., N.M.,
N.Dak., Okla., Ore., S.Dak., Wash. and W.Va. are named for him.
Cross-reference: Horace Porter
Books about Ulysses S. Grant: Jean Edward Smith, Grant; Frank J. Scaturro, President Grant Reconsidered; William S. McFeely, Grant : A Biography; William S. McFeely, Ulysses S. Grant: An Album: Warrior, Husband, Traveler, Emancipator, Writer; Brooks D. Simpson, Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph Over Adversity, 1822-1865; Brooks D. Simpson, Let Us Have Peace: Ulysses S. Grant and the Politics of War and Reconstruction, 1861-1868; James S. Brisbin, The campaign lives of Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (out of print); Josiah Bunting III, Ulysses S. Grant; Michael Korda, Ulysses S. Grant : The Unlikely Hero; Edward H. Bonekemper, A Victor, Not a Butcher: Ulysses S. Grant's Overlooked Military Genius
Critical books about U.S. Grant: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Rutherford Birchard Hayes -

Note: He was a Grand Army of the Republic; Loyal Legion; Odd Fellows member.

Hayes, Rutherford Birchard (1822-1893) — also known as Rutherford B. Hayes; 'Rutherfraud B. Hayes'; 'His Fraudulency' — of Ohio. Born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio, October 4, 1822. Married, December 30, 1852, to Lucy Ware Webb Hayes; father of Webb Cook Hayes. Republican. Lawyer; general in the Union Army during the Civil War; U.S. Representative from Ohio 2nd District, 1865-67; Governor of Ohio, 1868-72, 1876-77; President of the United States, 1877-81. Methodist. Scottish ancestry. Member, Grand Army of the Republic; Loyal Legion; Odd Fellows. Stricken by a heart attack at the railroad station in Cleveland, Ohio, and died that night in Fremont, Sandusky County, Ohio, January 17, 1893. Original interment at Oakwood Cemetery, Fremont, Ohio; reinterment in 1915 at Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio. Hayes County, Neb. is named for him.
Cross-reference: Leopold Markbreit
See also: congressional biography.
Books about Rutherford B. Hayes: Ari Hoogenboom, Rutherford B. Hayes: Warrior and President; Hans Trefousse, Rutherford B. Hayes: 1877 - 1881; William H. Rehnquist, Centennial Crisis : The Disputed Election of 1876
U.S. James Abram Garfield -

Note: He was a member of Freemasons; Delta Upsilon.

Garfield, James Abram (1831-1881) — also known as James A. Garfield — of Hiram, Portage County, Ohio. Born in a log cabin near Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, November 19, 1831. Married, November 11, 1858, to Lucretia 'Crete' Rudolph; father of James Rudolph Garfield. Republican. Lawyer; college professor; president, Eclectic University (now Hiram College); member of Ohio state senate, 1859-61; general in the Union Army during the Civil War; U.S. Representative from Ohio 19th District, 1863-81; President of the United States, 1881; died in office 1881. Disciples of Christ. English ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Delta Upsilon. His portrait appeared on the U.S. $20 gold certificate in about 1898-1905. Shot by Charles J. Guiteau, at the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C., July 2, 1881; died from the effects of the wound, in Elberon, Monmouth County, N.J., September 19, 1881. Interment at Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio. Garfield counties in Colo.,
Mont., Neb., Okla., Utah and Wash. are named for him.
Cross-reference: William S. Maynard
See also: congressional biography.
Books about James A. Garfield: Allan Peskin, Garfield: A Biography; Justus D. Doenecke, The Presidencies of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur
-->

Responses: 1 -->-->--> reply by
amelia gora
(648 posts)
Mililani, Hawaii,
Kingdom of Hawaii
7/10/2007 (15:55) delete edit reply top Response to topic written by amelia gora

-->U.S. President Chester Alan Arthur

Note: He was a Loyal Legion; Psi Upsilon member.

Arthur, Chester Alan (1829-1886) — also known as Chester A. Arthur; 'The Gentleman Boss'; 'His Accidency'; 'Elegant Arthur'; 'Our Chet'; 'Dude President' — of New York. Born in Fairfield, Franklin County, Vt., October 5, 1829. Son of Rev. William Arthur and Malvina (Stone) Arthur; married, October 25, 1859, to Ellen Lewis 'Nell' Herndon (died 1880). Republican. Lawyer; New York Republican state chair, 1879-81; delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1880; Vice President of the United States, 1881; President of the United States, 1881-85; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1884. Episcopalian. Member, Loyal Legion; Psi Upsilon. Died, of Bright's disease, in New York, New York County, N.Y., November 18, 1886. Interment at Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, N.Y.; statue at Madison Square Park, Manhattan, N.Y. Arthur County, Neb. is named for him.
See also: congressional biography.
Books about Chester A. Arthur: Thomas C. Reeves, Gentleman Boss : The Life of Chester Alan Arthur; Justus D. Doenecke, The Presidencies of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur; George Frederick Howe, Chester A. Arthur, A Quarter-Century of Machine Politics; Zachary Karabell, Chester Alan Arthur; Paul Joseph, Chester Arthur (for young readers)
U.S. President Grover Cleveland -

Note: He was a Sigma Chi member.

Cleveland, Stephen Grover (1837-1908) — also known as Grover Cleveland; 'Uncle Jumbo'; 'The Veto Mayor'; 'Grover The Good'; 'The Sage of Princeton'; 'Dumb Prophet'; 'Buffalo Hangman'; 'The Veto President'; 'Beast of Buffalo'; 'Big Steve' — of Buffalo, Erie County, N.Y.; Princeton, Mercer County, N.J.; Tamworth, Carroll County, N.H. Born in Caldwell, Essex County, N.J., March 18, 1837. Married, June 2, 1886, to Frances Folsom; father of Richard F. Cleveland. Democrat. Lawyer; mayor of Buffalo, N.Y., 1882; Governor of New York, 1883-85; President of the United States, 1885-89, 1893-97; defeated, 1888. Presbyterian. Member, Sigma Chi. Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1935. His portrait appeared on the U.S. $20 bill from 1914 to 1928, and on the $1,000 bill from 1928 to 1946. Died in Princeton, Mercer County, N.J., June 24, 1908. Interment at Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, N.J. Cleveland counties in Ark. and Okla. are named for him.
Cross-reference: Henry T. Ellett; Wilson S. Bissell; David King Udall
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Grover Cleveland: Alyn Brodsky, Grover Cleveland : A Study in Character; H. Paul Jeffers, An Honest President: The Life and Presidencies of Grover Cleveland; Mark Wahlgren Summers, Rum, Romanism, & Rebellion : The Making of a President, 1884; Henry F. Graff, Grover Cleveland; Jeff C. Young, Grover Cleveland (for young readers)

U.S. President Benjamin Harrison -

Note: Although not listed, he appears to have been a Loyal Legion member.

Harrison, Benjamin (1833-1901) — also known as 'Little Ben'; 'Kid Gloves' — of Indianapolis, Marion County, Ind. Born in North Bend, Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1833. Great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791); first cousin twice removed of Beverley Randolph and Burwell Bassett; grandson of William Henry Harrison (1773-1841); son of John Scott Harrison; second cousin once removed of Carter Henry Harrison; married, October 20, 1853, to Caroline Lavinia Scott (died 1892) and Mary Scott Lord Dimmick; second cousin twice removed of Carter Henry Harrison II; grandfather of William Henry Harrison (1896-1990). Republican. General in the Union Army during the Civil War; candidate for Governor of Indiana, 1876; U.S. Senator from Indiana, 1881-87; President of the United States, 1889-93; defeated, 1892. Presbyterian. English ancestry. Member, Loyal Legion; Phi Delta Theta. Died of pneumonia, in Indianapolis, Marion County, Ind., March 13, 1901. Interment at Crown Hill
Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.
See also: congressional biography.
Books about Benjamin Harrison: Rita Stevens, Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States; Harry J. Sievers, Benjamin Harrison : Hoosier President: The White House and After, 1889-1901; Charles W. Calhoun, Benjamin Harrison; Homer E. Socolofsky & Allan B. Spetter, The Presidency of Benjamin Harrison; Susan Clinton, Benjamin Harrison : Twenty-Third President of the United States (for young readers)
Critical books about Benjamin Harrison: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Grover Cleveland (second time)


Note: Although not listed, he appears to have been a Loyal Legion member.


Cleveland, Stephen Grover (1837-1908) — also known as Grover Cleveland; 'Uncle Jumbo'; 'The Veto Mayor'; 'Grover The Good'; 'The Sage of Princeton'; 'Dumb Prophet'; 'Buffalo Hangman'; 'The Veto President'; 'Beast of Buffalo'; 'Big Steve' — of Buffalo, Erie County, N.Y.; Princeton, Mercer County, N.J.; Tamworth, Carroll County, N.H. Born in Caldwell, Essex County, N.J., March 18, 1837. Married, June 2, 1886, to Frances Folsom; father of Richard F. Cleveland. Democrat. Lawyer; mayor of Buffalo, N.Y., 1882; Governor of New York, 1883-85; President of the United States, 1885-89, 1893-97; defeated, 1888. Presbyterian. Member, Sigma Chi. Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1935. His portrait appeared on the U.S. $20 bill from 1914 to 1928, and on the $1,000 bill from 1928 to 1946. Died in Princeton, Mercer County, N.J., June 24, 1908. Interment at Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, N.J. Cleveland counties in Ark. and Okla. are named for him.
Cross-reference: Henry T. Ellett; Wilson S. Bissell; David King Udall
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Grover Cleveland: Alyn Brodsky, Grover Cleveland : A Study in Character; H. Paul Jeffers, An Honest President: The Life and Presidencies of Grover Cleveland; Mark Wahlgren Summers, Rum, Romanism, & Rebellion : The Making of a President, 1884; Henry F. Graff, Grover Cleveland; Jeff C. Young, Grover Cleveland (for young readers)
U.S. President William McKinley -


Note: He was a Grand Army of the Republic, Loyal Legion, Freemasons; Knights of Pythias; and Sigma Alpha Epsilon member.


McKinley, William, Jr. (1843-1901) — also known as 'Idol of Ohio' — of Canton, Stark County, Ohio. Born in Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio, January 29, 1843. Married, January 25, 1871, to Ida Saxton; fourth cousin once removed of Henry Prather Fletcher. Republican. Major in the Union Army during the Civil War; lawyer; U.S. Representative from Ohio, 1877-84, 1885-91 (17th District 1877-79, 16th District 1879-81, 17th District 1881-83, 18th District 1883-84, 20th District 1885-87, 18th District 1887-91); delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1888; Governor of Ohio, 1892-96; President of the United States, 1897-1901; died in office 1901. Methodist. Scotch-Irish ancestry. Member, Grand Army of the Republic; Loyal Legion; Freemasons; Knights of Pythias; Sigma Alpha Epsilon. His portrait appeared on the U.S. $500 bill from about 1928 until 1946. Shot by Leon Czolgosz, at a reception in the Temple of Music, at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y., September 6,
1901, and died eight days later, in Buffalo, Erie County, N.Y., September 14, 1901. Interment at McKinley Monument, Canton, Ohio; statue at Lucas County Courthouse Grounds, Toledo, Ohio. McKinley County, N.M. is named for him.
Cross-reference: Albert Halstead
See also: congressional biography.
Books about William McKinley: Lewis L. Gould, The Presidency of William McKinley; Kevin Phillips, William McKinley; H. Wayne Morgan, William McKinley and His America
U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt -

Note: He was a Freemasons; Alpha Delta Phi; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Beta Kappa member.

Roosevelt, Theodore (1858-1919) — also known as 'T.R.'; 'Teddy'; 'The Colonel'; 'The Hero of San Juan Hill'; 'The Rough Rider'; 'Trust-Buster'; 'The Happy Warrior'; 'The Bull Moose' — of New York, New York County, N.Y. Born in New York, New York County, N.Y., October 27, 1858. Great-great-grandson of Archibald Bulloch; nephew of Robert Barnwell Roosevelt; married, October 27, 1880, to Alice Hathaway Lee (died 1884) and Edith Kermit Carow; father-in-law of Nicholas Longworth; fourth cousin once removed and uncle by marriage of Franklin Delano Roosevelt; father of Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth and Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.; granduncle of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.; great-grandfather-in-law of William Floyd Weld. Member of New York state assembly, 1882-84; delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1884, 1900; candidate for mayor of New York City, N.Y., 1886; colonel in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War; Governor of New York, 1899-1901; Vice
President of the United States, 1901; President of the United States, 1901-09; defeated (Progressive), 1912; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1916. Christian Reformed. Dutch ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Alpha Delta Phi; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Beta Kappa. Received the Medal of Honor for leading a charge up San Juan Hill during battle there, July 1, 1898. While campaigning for president in Milwaukee, Wis., on October 14, 1912, was shot in the chest by John F. Schrank; despite the injury, he continued his speech for another hour and a half before seeking medical attention. Awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1906; elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1950. Died in Oyster Bay, Nassau County, Long Island, N.Y., January 6, 1919. Interment at Youngs' Memorial Cemetery, Oyster Bay, Long Island, N.Y. Roosevelt counties in Mont. and N.M. are named for him.
Cross-reference: Gifford Pinchot; David J. Leahy
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Theodore Roosevelt: James MacGregor Burns & Susan Dunn, The Three Roosevelts: Patrician Leaders Who Transformed America; H. W. Brands, T.R : The Last Romantic; Edmund Morris, Theodore Rex; Edmund Morris, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt; John Morton Blum, The Republican Roosevelt; Richard D. White, Jr., Roosevelt the Reformer : Theodore Roosevelt as Civil Service Commissioner, 1889-1895; Frederick W. Marks III, Velvet on Iron : The Diplomacy of Theodore Roosevelt; James Chace, 1912 : Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft and Debs : The Election that Changed the Country; Patricia O'Toole, When Trumpets Call : Theodore Roosevelt After the White House
U.S. President William Howard Taft -


Note: He was a Freemasons; Skull and Bones; Phi Alpha Delta; Psi Upsilon member.


Taft, William Howard (1857-1930) — also known as William H. Taft; 'Big Bill' — of Ohio. Born in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, September 15, 1857. Grandson of Peter Rawson Taft; grandson-in-law of Ela Collins; son of Alphonso Taft; nephew by marriage of William Collins; married to the sister-in-law of Henry Lippitt; half-brother of Charles Phelps Taft; married, June 19, 1886, to Helen Herron; brother of Henry Waters Taft; uncle of Walbridge S. Taft; father of Robert Alphonso Taft and Charles Phelps Taft II; grandfather of William Howard Taft III, Robert Taft, Jr. and Seth Chase Taft; great-grandfather of Robert A. Taft II. Republican. Superior court judge in Ohio, 1887-90; Judge of U.S. Court of Appeals, 1892-1900; Governor of the Philippine Islands, 1900-04; U.S. Secretary of War, 1904-08; President of the United States, 1909-13; defeated, 1912; Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1921-30. Unitarian. English ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Skull and Bones; Phi Alpha
Delta; Psi Upsilon. Died in Washington, D.C., March 8, 1930. Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
Cross-reference: Walter P. Johnson; Fred Warner Carpenter
Books about William Howard Taft: Paolo Enrico Coletta, The Presidency of William Howard Taft; James Chace, 1912 : Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft and Debs : The Election that Changed the Country; Alpheus Thomas Mason, William Howard Taft
Critical books about William Howard Taft: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson -

Note: He was a Phi Alpha Delta; Phi Kappa Psi member.

Wilson, Thomas Woodrow (1856-1924) — also known as Woodrow Wilson; 'Schoolmaster in Politics' — of New Jersey. Born in Staunton, Va., December 28, 1856. Married, June 24, 1885, to Ellen Louise Axson (died 1914) and Edith Bolling Galt; father-in-law of William Gibbs McAdoo. Democrat. University professor; president of Princeton University, 1902-10; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-13; President of the United States, 1913-21. Presbyterian. Member, Phi Alpha Delta; Phi Kappa Psi. Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize in 1919; elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1950. His portrait appeared on the U.S. $100,000 gold certificate which was issued in 1934-45 for cash transactions between banks. Died in Washington, D.C., February 3, 1924. Interment at Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.
Cross-reference: William C. Bullitt; Bainbridge Colby; Joseph E. Davies; Joseph P. Tumulty; Thomas H. Birch
Books about Woodrow Wilson: Louis Auchincloss, Woodrow Wilson; Herbert Hoover, The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson; James Chace, 1912 : Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft and Debs : The Election that Changed the Country; Anne Schraff, Woodrow Wilson (for young readers)
Critical books about Woodrow Wilson: Jim Powell, Wilson's War : How Woodrow Wilson's Great Blunder Led to Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, and World War II
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Responses: 2 -->-->-->--> reply by
amelia gora
(649 posts)
Mililani, Hawaii,
Kingdom of Hawaii
7/10/2007 (15:58) delete edit reply top Response to message 1 written by amelia gora

-->U.S. President Warren Gamaliel Harding -

Note: He was a Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Elks; Knights of Pythias; Phi Alpha Delta member.

Harding, Warren Gamaliel (1865-1923) — also known as Warren G. Harding — of Marion, Marion County, Ohio. Born in Blooming Grove, Morrow County, Ohio, November 2, 1865. Married, July 8, 1891, to Florence Kling DeWolf. Republican. Newspaper publisher; member of Ohio state senate 13th District, 1899-1903; Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, 1904-06; candidate for Governor of Ohio, 1910; U.S. Senator from Ohio, 1915-21; delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1916; President of the United States, 1921-23; died in office 1923. Baptist. English ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Knights Templar; Shriners; Elks; Knights of Pythias; Phi Alpha Delta. First president ever to have his voice broadcast on the radio, June 14, 1922. Died in a room at the Palace Hotel, San Francisco, Calif., August 2, 1923; the claim that he was poisoned by his wife is not accepted by historians. Original interment at Marion Cemetery, Marion, Ohio; reinterment in 1927 at Harding Memorial Tomb, Marion,
Ohio. Harding County, N.M. is named for him.
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Warren G. Harding: Francis Russell, The Shadow of Blooming Grove : Warren G. Harding In His Times (out of print); Robert K. Murray, The Harding Era : Warren G. Harding and His Administration; Eugene P. Trani & David L. Wilson, The Presidency of Warren G. Harding; Harry M. Daugherty, Inside Story of the Harding Tragedy; Charles L. Mee, The Ohio Gang : The World of Warren G. Harding (out of print); John W. Dean, Warren G. Harding; Russell Roberts, Warren G. Harding (for young readers)
Critical books about Warren G. Harding: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge -
He was a
Coolidge, John Calvin (1872-1933) — also known as Calvin Coolidge; 'Silent Cal'; 'Cautious Cal' — of Northampton, Hampshire County, Mass. Born in Plymouth, Windsor County, Vt., July 4, 1872. Cousin of William Wallace Stickney; married, October 4, 1905, to Grace Anna Goodhue. Republican. Lawyer; member of Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1907; mayor of Northampton, Mass., 1910-11; member of Massachusetts state senate, 1912-15; Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, 1916-19; Governor of Massachusetts, 1919-21; Vice President of the United States, 1921-23; President of the United States, 1923-29. Congregationalist. English ancestry. Died of coronary thrombosis in Northampton, Hampshire County, Mass., January 5, 1933. Interment at Plymouth Notch Cemetery, Plymouth, Vt.
Cross-reference: John W. Langley
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Calvin Coolidge: The Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge (1929, out of print)
Books about Calvin Coolidge: Peter Hannaford, ed., The Quotable Calvin Coolidge : Sensible Words for the New Century; Robert H. Ferrell, The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge; Robert Sobel, Coolidge: An American Enigma
Critical books about Calvin Coolidge: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Herbert Clark Hoover -
Note: Although not listed, he appears to have been a Loyal Legion member.
Hoover, Herbert Clark (1874-1964) — also known as Herbert Hoover; 'The Great Engineer'; 'The Grand Old Man' — of Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, Calif. Born in West Branch, Cedar County, Iowa, August 10, 1874. Married, February 10, 1899, to Lou Henry (died 1944). Republican. Mining engineer; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1920; U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1921-28; President of the United States, 1929-33; defeated, 1932. Quaker. Dutch ancestry. Inducted into the National Mining Hall of Fame, Leadville, Colorado. Died, of intestinal cancer, in his suite at the Waldorf Towers Hotel, New York, New York County, N.Y., October 20, 1964. Interment at Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa.
Cross-reference: Horace A. Mann; Walter H. Newton; Christian A. Herter
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Herbert Hoover: The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson
Books about Herbert Hoover: Martin L. Fausold, The Presidency of Herbert C. Hoover; Joan Hoff Wilson, Herbert Hoover : Forgotten Progressive; George H. Nash, Life of Herbert Hoover : The Humanitarian, 1914-1917; George H. Nash, The Life of Herbert Hoover : Masters of Emergencies, 1917-1918; David Holford, Herbert Hoover (for young readers)
U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Note: He was a Grange; Freemasons; Elks; Knights of Pythias; Alpha Delta Phi; Phi Beta Kappa member.

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945) — also known as Franklin D. Roosevelt; 'F.D.R.' — of Hyde Park, Dutchess County, N.Y. Born in Hyde Park, Dutchess County, N.Y., January 30, 1882. Great-great-grandson of Edward Hutchinson Robbins; fourth cousin once removed and nephew by marriage of Theodore Roosevelt; half-uncle of Helen Roosevelt Robinson; married, March 17, 1905, to Anna Eleanor Roosevelt; first cousin of Warren Delano Robbins; fifth cousin of Nicholas Roosevelt; father of James Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr.. Democrat. Lawyer; member of New York state senate 26th District, 1911-13; resigned 1913; candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1920; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1920, 1924, 1928; contracted polio in the early 1920s; as a result, his legs were paralyzed for the rest of his life; Governor of New York, 1929-33; President of the United States, 1933-45; died in office 1945; on February 15, 1933, in Miami,
Fla., he and Chicago mayor Anton J. Cermak were shot at by Guiseppe Zangara; Cermak was hit and mortally wounded. Episcopalian. Member, Grange; Freemasons; Elks; Knights of Pythias; Alpha Delta Phi; Phi Beta Kappa. Served as president during the Depression and World War II. His portrait appears on the U.S. dime (ten cent coin). Died of a cerebral hemorrhage, in Warm Springs, Meriwether County, Ga., April 12, 1945. Interment at Roosevelt Home, Hyde Park, N.Y.
Cross-reference: Ross T. McIntire; Milton Lipson; W. W. Howes
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Franklin D. Roosevelt: James MacGregor Burns & Susan Dunn, The Three Roosevelts: Patrician Leaders Who Transformed America; Doris Kearns Goodwin, No Ordinary Time : Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II; Joseph Alsop & Roland Gelatt, FDR : 1882-1945; Bernard Bellush, Franklin Roosevelt as Governor of New York; Robert H. Jackson, That Man : An Insider's Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt; Jonas Klein, Beloved Island : Franklin & Eleanor and the Legacy of Campobello; Conrad Black, Franklin Delano Roosevelt : Champion of Freedom; Karen Bornemann Spies, Franklin D. Roosevelt (for young readers)
Critical books about Franklin D. Roosevelt: Jim Powell, FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression; John T. Flynn, The Roosevelt Myth
U.S. President Harry S. Truman -
Note: He was a American Legion; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Eagles; Elks; Lambda Chi Alpha; Phi Alpha Delta member.
Truman, Harry S. (1884-1972) — also known as 'Give 'Em Hell Harry' — of Independence, Jackson County, Mo. Born in Lamar, Barton County, Mo., May 8, 1884. Grandnephew of James Chiles; married, June 28, 1919, to Elizabeth Virginia 'Bess' Wallace. Democrat. Major in the U.S. Army during World War I; county judge in Missouri, 1922-24, 1926-34; U.S. Senator from Missouri, 1935-45; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1940, 1944, 1952, 1960; Vice President of the United States, 1945; President of the United States, 1945-53; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1952. Baptist. Member, American Legion; Freemasons; Knights Templar; Eagles; Elks; Lambda Chi Alpha; Phi Alpha Delta. Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist group, Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo, tried to shoot their way into Blair House, temporary residence of the President, as part of an attempted assassination, November 1, 1950. Torresola and a guard, Leslie Coffelt, were
killed. Collazo, wounded, was arrested, tried, and convicted of murder. Died at Research Hospital and Medical Center, Kansas City, Jackson County, Mo., December 26, 1972. Interment at Truman Presidential Library and Museum, Independence, Mo.
Cross-reference: Andrew J. May; Milton Lipson
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Harry S. Truman: The Autobiography of Harry S. Truman
Books about Harry S. Truman: David McCullough, Truman; Alonzo L. Hamby, Man of the People : A Life of Harry S. Truman; Sean J. Savage, Truman and the Democratic Party; Ken Hechler, Working With Truman : A Personal Memoir of the White House Years; Alan Axelrod, When the Buck Stops With You: Harry S. Truman on Leadership; Ralph Keyes, The Wit and Wisdom of Harry S. Truman
U.S. President Dwight David Eisenhower -
He was a Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion member.
Eisenhower, Dwight David (1890-1969) — also known as Dwight D. Eisenhower; 'Ike' — Born in Denison, Grayson County, Tex., October 14, 1890. Married, July 1, 1916, to Mary Geneva 'Mamie' Doud. Republican. General in the U.S. Army during World War II; president of Columbia University, 1948-53; President of the United States, 1953-61. Presbyterian. German ancestry. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion. His portrait appeared on the U.S. dollar coin, 1971-78. Died, after a series of heart attacks, at Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, D.C., March 28, 1969. Interment at Eisenhower Center, Abilene, Kan.
Cross-reference: Sherman Adams; Carter L. Burgess; Woodrow Wilson Mann
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Dwight D. Eisenhower: Stephen E. Ambrose, Eisenhower : Soldier and President; Fred I. Greenstein, The Hidden-Hand Presidency : Eisenhower as Leader; Carlo d'Este, Eisenhower : A Soldier's Life; Robert F. Burk, Dwight D. Eisenhower: Hero and Politician
U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy -
Note: He was a American Legion; Elks; Knights of Columbus member.
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963) — also known as John F. Kennedy; 'J.F.K.'; 'Lancer' — of Boston, Suffolk County, Mass. Born in Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass., May 29, 1917. Grandson of Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1858-1929) and John Francis Fitzgerald; son of Joseph Patrick Kennedy and Rose (Fitzgerald) Kennedy; brother-in-law of Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr.; brother of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr., Robert Francis Kennedy, Jean Kennedy Smith and Edward Moore Kennedy; married, September 12, 1953, to Jacqueline Lee 'Jackie' Bouvier; his step-father-in-law married the mother of Eugene Luther Gore Vidal, Jr.; uncle of Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Joseph Patrick Kennedy II, Mark Kennedy Shriver and Patrick Joseph Kennedy (1967-). Democrat. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 11th District, 1947-53; elected unopposed 1948; U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1953-60; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1956;
candidate for Democratic nomination for Vice President, 1956; President of the United States, 1961-63; died in office 1963. Catholic. Irish ancestry. Member, American Legion; Elks; Knights of Columbus. Received a Pulitzer Prize in 1957 for his book Profiles in Courage; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963. His portrait appears on the U.S. half dollar (50 cent coin). Shot by a sniper, Lee Harvey Oswald, while riding in a motorcade, and died in Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Dallas County, Tex., November 22, 1963. Oswald was shot and killed two days later by Jack Ruby. Interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.
Cross-reference: John B. Connally; Henry B. Gonzalez; Henry M. Wade; Walter Edward Rogers; Gerry E. Studds; James B. McCahey, Jr.; Mark Dalton; Waggoner Carr
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by John F. Kennedy: Profiles in Courage
Books about John F. Kennedy: Christopher Loviny & Vincent Touze, JFK : Remembering Jack; Robert Dallek, An Unfinished Life : John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963; Michael O'Brien, John F. Kennedy : A Biography; Sean J. Savage, JFK, LBJ, and the Democratic Party; Thurston Clarke, Ask Not : The Inauguration of John F. Kennedy and the Speech That Changed America; Shelley Sommer, John F. Kennedy : His Life and Legacy (for young readers)
Critical books about John F. Kennedy: Seymour Hersh, The Dark Side of Camelot
-->

Responses: 3 -->-->-->--> reply by
amelia gora
(650 posts)
Mililani, Hawaii,
Kingdom of Hawaii
7/10/2007 (15:58) delete edit reply top Response to message 2 written by amelia gora

-->U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson -
Note: He was an American Legion member.
Johnson, Lyndon Baines (1908-1973) — also known as Lyndon B. Johnson; 'L.B.J.'; 'Landslide Lyndon'; 'Preacher Lyndon'; 'The Accidental President'; 'Volunteer'; 'Light Bulb Johnson' — of Johnson City, Blanco County, Tex. Born near Stonewall, Gillespie County, Tex., August 27, 1908. Son of Samuel Ealy Johnson and Rebekah (Baines) Johnson; married, November 17, 1934, to Claudia Alta 'Lady Bird' Taylor; father-in-law of Charles Spittal Robb. Democrat. U.S. Representative from Texas 10th District, 1937-49; elected unopposed 1940, 1942, 1946; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1940; U.S. Senator from Texas, 1949-61; candidate for Democratic nomination for President, 1956, 1968; Vice President of the United States, 1961-63; President of the United States, 1963-69. Disciples of Christ. Member, American Legion. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1980. Died from a heart attack, on a plane en route to a hospital, near San Antonio, Bexar
County, Tex., January 22, 1973. Interment at LBJ Ranch, Stonewall, Tex.
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books about Lyndon B. Johnson: Doris Kearns Goodwin, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream; Robert A. Caro, Years of Lyndon Johnson : The Path to Power; Robert A. Caro, Years of Lyndon Johnson : Means of Ascent; Robert Dallek, Flawed Giant : Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 1961-1973; Robert A. Caro, Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson; Sean J. Savage, JFK, LBJ, and the Democratic Party; Michael A. Schuman, Lyndon B. Johnson (for young readers
U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon -
Note: He was an American Legion member.
Nixon, Richard Milhous (1913-1994) — also known as Richard M. Nixon; 'Tricky Dick'; 'Searchlight' — of Whittier, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Yorba Linda, Orange County, Calif., January 9, 1913. Married, June 21, 1940, to Thelma Catherine 'Pat' Ryan (died 1993). Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; U.S. Representative from California 12th District, 1947-50; U.S. Senator from California, 1950-53; appointed 1950; resigned 1953; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1952, 1956; Vice President of the United States, 1953-61; President of the United States, 1969-74; defeated, 1960; candidate for Governor of California, 1962; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1964. Quaker. Member, American Legion. Resigned as President under threat of impeachment as a result of the Watergate scandal; pardoned in 1974 by President Gerald R. Ford. Died, from a stroke, at New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, New York, New
York County, N.Y., April 22, 1994. Interment at Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace, Yorba Linda, Calif.
Cross-reference: Maurice H. Stans; John H. Holdridge; Clark MacGregor; Harry L. Sears
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Richard M. Nixon: RN : The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (1978); Beyond Peace (1994); 1999: Victory Without War (1988); Leaders (1982); Memoirs; Six Crises (1962); The Challenges We Face (1960, out of print); In the Arena: A Memoir of Victory, Defeat and Renewal (1990, out of print); No More Vietnams (1985, out of print); The Poetry of Richard Milhous Nixon (1974, out of print); Real Peace (1984, out of print); The Real War (1980, out of print); Seize The Moment: America's Challenge in a One-Superpower World (1992, out of print)
Books about Richard M. Nixon: Melvin Small, The Presidency of Richard Nixon; Joan Hoff, Nixon Reconsidered; Jonathan Aitken, Nixon : A Life; Garry Wills, Nixon Agonistes : The Crisis of the Self-Made Man; Thomas Monsell, Nixon on Stage and Screen : The Thirty-Seventh President As Depicted in Films, Television, Plays and Opera; Stephen E. Ambrose, Nixon : Education of a Politician, 1913-1962; Richard Reeves, President Nixon: Alone in the White House; Roger Morris, Richard Milhous Nixon: The Rise of an American Politician; Robert Mason, Richard Nixon and the Quest for a New Majority
Critical books about Richard M. Nixon: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents
U.S. President Gerald Rudolph Ford -
Note: He was a Humane Society; American Legion; Amvets; Forty and Eight; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Freemasons; Shriners; Jaycees; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi member.
Ford, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. (b. 1913) — also known as Gerald R. Ford; Jerry Ford; Leslie Lynch King, Jr.; 'Passkey' — of Grand Rapids, Kent County, Mich. Born in Omaha, Douglas County, Neb., July 14, 1913. Married, October 15, 1948, to Elizabeth Bloomer 'Betty' Warren; half-brother of Thomas G. Ford, Sr.. Republican. Lawyer; served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1948, 1960, 1964; U.S. Representative from Michigan 5th District, 1949-73; resigned 1973; Vice President of the United States, 1973-74; President of the United States, 1974-77; defeated, 1976. Episcopalian. Member, Humane Society; American Legion; Amvets; Forty and Eight; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Freemasons; Shriners; Jaycees; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi. Shot at in two separate incidents in San Francisco in September 1975. On September 5, Lynette 'Squeaky' Fromme, follower of murderous cult leader Charles Manson, got close to the President with
a loaded pistol, and squeezed the trigger at close range; the gun misfired. On September 22, Sara Jane Moore fired a shot at him, but a bystander deflected her aim. Both women were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Received the Medal of Freedom in 1999. Still living as of 2003.
Cross-reference: Richard M. Nixon
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Gerald R. Ford: A Time to Heal: The Autobiography of Gerald R. Ford (1983)
Books about Gerald R. Ford: John Robert Greene, The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford; Edward L. Schapsmeier, Gerald R. Ford's Date With Destiny: A Political Biography; James Cannon, Time and Chance : Gerald Ford's Appointment With History
U.S. President James Earl Carter, Jr.
Note: He was a Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion; Phi Alpha Delta member.
Carter, James Earl, Jr. (b. 1924) — also known as Jimmy Carter; 'The Peanut'; 'Dasher'; 'Deacon' — of Plains, Sumter County, Ga. Born in a hospital, at Plains, Sumter County, Ga., October 1, 1924. Son of James Earl Carter and Lillian (Gordy) Carter; first cousin of Hugh Alton Carter, Sr.; married, July 7, 1946, to Eleanor Rosalynn Smith. Democrat. Member of Georgia state senate, 1963-66; Governor of Georgia, 1971-75; President of the United States, 1977-81; defeated, 1980; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 2000, 2004. Baptist. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion; Phi Alpha Delta. Received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. Still living as of 2004.
Cross-reference: Clennon King; Thomas A. Hutto
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Jimmy Carter: Turning Point : A Candidate, a State, and a Nation Come of Age (1992); An Hour Before Daylight : Memories of a Rural Boyhood (2001); Keeping Faith : Memoirs of a President (1982); Always a Reckoning and Other Poems (1995); The Blood of Abraham: Insights into the Middle East (1993); Everything to Gain : Making the Most of the Rest of Your Life (1987); A Government As Good As Its People (1977); Living Faith (1996); Negotiation: The Alternative to Hostility (1984, out of print); An Outdoor Journal: Adventures and Reflections (1994); Sources of Strength : Meditations on Scripture for a Living Faith (1997); The Virtues of Aging (1998); Why Not The Best? (1975); Talking Peace : A Vision for the Next Generation (1993, for young readers)
Books about Jimmy Carter: Douglas Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency : Jimmy Carter's Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize; Rod Troester, Jimmy Carter as Peacemaker : A Post-Presidential Biography
Critical books about Jimmy Carter: Nathan Miller, Star-Spangled Men : America's Ten Worst Presidents; Steven F. Hayward, The Real Jimmy Carter : How Our Worst Ex-President Undermines American Foreign Policy, Coddles Dictators, and Created the Party of Clinton and Kerry
U.S. President Ronald Wilson Reagan -
Note: He was a American Legion; Lions; Tau Kappa Epsilon member.
Reagan, Ronald Wilson (1911-2004) — also known as Ronald Reagan; 'Dutch'; 'The Gipper'; 'The Great Communicator'; 'The Teflon President'; 'Rawhide' — of Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles County, Calif. Born in Tampico, Whiteside County, Ill., February 6, 1911. Married, January 26, 1940, to Jane Wyman (actress; divorced 1948) and Nancy Davis (actress); father of Maureen Elizabeth Reagan. Republican. Worked as a sports broadcaster in Iowa in the 1930s, doing local radio broadcast of Chicago Cubs baseball games; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; professional actor in 1937-64; appeared in dozens of films including Kings Row, Dark Victory, Santa Fe Trail, Knute Rockne, All American, and The Winning Team; president of the Screen Actors Guild, 1947-52, 1959-60; member of California Republican State Central Committee, 1964-66; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1964; Governor of California, 1967-75; candidate for Republican nomination for
President, 1968, 1976; President of the United States, 1981-89; on March 30, 1981, outside the Washington Hilton hotel, he and three others were shot and wounded by John Hinkley, Jr.; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1993. Disciples of Christ. Member, American Legion; Lions; Tau Kappa Epsilon. Died, from pneumonia and Alzheimer's disease, in Bel Air, Los Angeles County, Calif., June 5, 2004. Burial location unknown.
Cross-reference: Katherine Hoffman Haley; Dana Rohrabacher; Donald T. Regan
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Ronald Reagan: Ronald Reagan : An American Life
Books about Ronald Reagan: Lou Cannon, President Reagan : The Role of a Lifetime; Lou Cannon, Governor Reagan : His Rise to Power; Peter Schweizer, Reagan's War : The Epic Story of His Forty-Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism; Lee Edwards, Ronald Reagan: A Political Biography; Paul Kengor, God and Ronald Reagan : A Spiritual Life; Mary Beth Brown, Hand of Providence: The Strong and Quiet Faith of Ronald Reagan; Edmund Morris, Dutch: A Memoir of Ronald Reagan; Peggy Noonan, When Character Was King: A Story of Ronald Reagan; Peter J. Wallison, Ronald Reagan: The Power of Conviction and the Success of His Presidency; Dinesh D'Souza, Ronald Reagan : How an Ordinary Man Became an Extraordinary Leader; William F. Buckley, Jr., Ronald Reagan: An American Hero
U.S. President George Bush
Note: He was/is a member of Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion; Society of the Cincinnati; Skull and Bones; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Beta Kappa.
Bush, George Herbert Walker (b. 1924) — also known as George Bush; 'Poppy'; 'Sheepskin'; 'Timberwolf' — of Midland, Midland County, Tex.; Houston, Harris County, Tex. Born in Milton, Norfolk County, Mass., June 12, 1924. First cousin thrice removed of David Davis; son of Prescott Sheldon Bush and Dorothy (Walker) Bush (1901-1992); married, January 6, 1945, to Barbara Pierce; father of George Walker Bush and John Ellis Bush. Republican. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1964; candidate for U.S. Senator from Texas, 1964, 1970; U.S. Representative from Texas 7th District, 1967-71; U.S. Representative to United Nations, 1971-73; Chairman of Republican National Committee, 1973-74; U.S. Liaison to China, 1974-75; director, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 1976-77; candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1980; Vice President of the United States, 1981-89; President of the United States, 1989-93;
defeated, 1992. Episcopalian. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; American Legion; Society of the Cincinnati; Skull and Bones; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Beta Kappa. Still living as of 2003.
Cross-reference: Caspar W. Weinberger; John H. Sununu
See also: congressional biography; Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by George H. W. Bush: All The Best, George Bush: My Life and Other Writings (1999); Looking Forward (1987, out of print); A World Transformed (1998)
Books about George H. W. Bush: John Robert Greene, The Presidency of George Bush; Tim O'Shei & Joe Marren, George H. W. Bush (for young readers)
Critical books about George H. W. Bush: Kevin Phillips, American Dynasty: Aristocracy, Fortune, and the Politics of Deceit in the House of Bush; Kitty Kelly, The Family : The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty
U.S. President William Clinton
Note: He was/is a member of Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission; Phi Alpha Delta; Pi Sigma Alpha.
Clinton, William Jefferson (b. 1946) — also known as Bill Clinton; William Jefferson Blythe IV; 'Slick Willie'; 'Bubba'; 'Elvis'; 'Eagle'; 'The Big Dog' — of Arkansas. Born in Hope, Hempstead County, Ark., August 19, 1946. Third cousin twice removed of James Alexander Lockhart; married, October 11, 1975, to Hillary Diane Rodham. Democrat. Rhodes scholar; candidate for U.S. Representative from Arkansas 3rd District, 1974; Arkansas state attorney general, 1977-79; Governor of Arkansas, 1979-81, 1983-92; President of the United States, 1993-2001; delegate to Democratic National Convention from Arkansas, 2000; delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 2004. Baptist. Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Trilateral Commission; Phi Alpha Delta; Pi Sigma Alpha. Impeached by the House of Representatives in December 1998 over allegations of perjury and obstruction of justice, but acquitted by the Senate. Still living as of 2004.
Cross-reference: Abraham J. Hirschfeld; Kenneth W. Starr; Rahm Emanuel
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by Bill Clinton: Between Hope and History : Meeting America's Challenges for the 21st Century (1996, out of print); My Life (2004)
Books about Bill Clinton: David Maraniss, First in His Class : The Biography of Bill Clinton; Joe Conason, The Hunting of the President : The Ten-Year Campaign to Destroy Bill and Hillary Clinton; Gene Lyons, Fools for Scandal : How the Media Invented Whitewater; Sidney Blumenthal, The Clinton Wars; Dewayne Wickham, Bill Clinton and Black America; Joe Klein, The Natural : The Misunderstood Presidency of Bill Clinton; Nigel Hamilton, Bill Clinton: An American Journey; Bob Woodward, The Agenda: Inside the Clinton White House; George Stephanopolous, All Too Human; Tim O'Shei, Bill Clinton (for young readers)
Critical books about Bill Clinton: Barbara Olson, The Final Days : The Last, Desperate Abuses of Power by the Clinton White House; Meredith L. Oakley, On the Make : The Rise of Bill Clinton; Robert Patterson, Dereliction of Duty: The Eyewitness Account of How Bill Clinton Endangered America's Long-Term National Securi; Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, The Secret Life of Bill Clinton: The Unreported Stories; Ann Coulter, High Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Case Against Bill Clinton; Dick Morris and Eileen McGann, Because He Could; Jack Cashill, Ron Brown's Body : How One Man's Death Saved the Clinton Presidency and Hillary's Future; Christopher Hitchens, No One Left To Lie To: The Values of the Worst Family; Rich Lowry, Legacy: Paying the Price for the Clinton Years; Richard Miniter, Losing Bin Laden : How Bill Clinton's Failures Unleashed Global Terror
U.S. President George W. Bush
Note: He was/is a member of Skull and Bones; Delta Kappa Epsilon.
Bush, George Walker (b. 1946) — also known as George W. Bush; 'Dubya'; 'Shrub'; 'The Smirking Chimp' — of Midland, Midland County, Tex.; Crawford, McLennan County, Tex. Born in New Haven, New Haven County, Conn., July 6, 1946. Grandson of Prescott Sheldon Bush; son of Barbara (Pierce) Bush and George Herbert Walker Bush; married, November 5, 1977, to Laura Welch; brother of John Ellis Bush. Republican. Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1988; Governor of Texas, 1995-2000; President of the United States, 2001-. Methodist. Member, Skull and Bones; Delta Kappa Epsilon. Still living as of 2004.
See also: Internet Movie Database profile.
Books by George W. Bush: A Charge to Keep (1999)
Books about George W. Bush: J. H. Hatfield et al, Fortunate Son : George W. Bush and the Making of An American President; Roger Simon, Divided We Stand : How Al Gore Beat George Bush and Lost the Presidency; Frank Bruni, Ambling into History : The Unlikely Odyssey of George W. Bush; Bryan Laberge, George W. Bush : In the Whirlwind; Lou Dubose et al, Boy Genius: Karl Rove, the Brains Behind the Remarkable Political Triumph of George W. Bush; Bill Sammon, Misunderestimated: The President Battles Terrorism, John Kerry, and the Bush Haters; David Aikman, A Man of Faith: The Spiritual Journey of George W. Bush; Bob Woodward, Bush at War; Bob Woodward, Plan of Attack; Craig Unger, House of Bush, House of Saud: The Secret Relationship Between the World's Two Most Powerful Dynasties; Bill Sammon, Misunderestimated: The President Battles Terrorism, John Kerry, and the Bush Haters; Sandra J. Kachurek, George W. Bush (for young readers); Tim O'Shei & Joe Marren, George W. Bush (for
young readers)
Critical books about George W. Bush: Molly Ivins, Shrub: The Short But Happy Political Life of George W. Bush; David Corn, The Lies of George W. Bush : Mastering the Politics of Deception; Kevin Phillips, American Dynasty: Aristocracy, Fortune, and the Politics of Deceit in the House of Bush; John Dean, Worse Than Watergate: The Secret Presidency of George W. Bush; Kitty Kelly, The Family : The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty; John W. Dean, Worse Than Watergate: The Secret Presidency of George W. Bush; Ron Suskind, The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of Paul O'Neill; Robert C. Byrd, Losing America: Confronting a Reckless and Arrogant Presidency; Jack Huberman, The Bush - Haters Handbook: A Guide to the Most Appalling Presidency of the Past 100 Years
Conclusion:
The U.S./America/AmeriKKKa continues to affect the World today through the associations, affiliations of the U.S. Presidents through overt and covert operations. Aggression through WARS as well as subtle moves of 'friendly' maneuvers such as the moves of Al Gore who moves in other directions (World Woodstock project) with the ultimate goal of enslaving the masses under the One World Order/New World Order scheme.
Research incomplete.
aloha.
References: website www.politicalgraveyard.com
CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF HAWAII, ABROAD, AND THE UNITED STATES (2003) and other books, writings by Amelia Kuulei Gora -->-->-->
aloha.

--> p.s. in regards to the SECRET TREATY OF VERONA:(break down of Monarchy governments)
see CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
-U.S. SENATE -
64th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION
VOLUME 53, PART 7
Page 6781
25 April 1916

also see AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC CODE, 1778 -1884 vol. 2; Elliott, p. 179
lastly, if you google, you'll see hundreds of referrals regarding the Secret Treaty of Verona.


7. Hawaii is occupied by a nation contrary to neutral, peaceful existence: REFERENCE: FOREIGN AFFAIRS - The Road to War America and the World, page 31,Volume 70, No. 1



In other words the following on the U.S. list to WAR with or TERRORIZE are:



1. IRAQ (2003 – Iraq accused of having nuclear weapons – GW Bush moved to WAR for EXXON (oil) see: above article, a repost, THE BROWN STUFF by Greg Palast, www.gregpalast.com



2. SYRIA



3. ARAB NATION



4. NORTH KOREA (October 2006 – underground nuclear weapon set off)



5. GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC



6. LIBYA



7. ARGENTINA



8. PAKISTAN

Off the forums:



Zeeshan

MC Intern



Registered: Jun 2003

Location: New York City

Posts: 15

you're absolutely right!

Amelia,

I can't agree with you more. First Afghanistan, now Iraq, next? God knows better!

I, as a Pakistani, believe our turn is right around the corner somewhere. If the US government and foreign policy go unchecked, and the media continues to play its present role, then surely, the world will be an absolutely horrifying global village.





9. IRAN



10. SOUTH AFRICA



and not necessarily in that order! Just to verify some of the above:



'Learn from Iraq'



Top Stories - Reuters



By Philip Pullella



ROME (Reuters) - The United States on Wednesday warned countries it has accused of pursuing weapons of mass destruction, including Iran, Syria and North Korea (news - web sites), to "draw the appropriate lesson from Iraq (news - web sites)."



aloha.





1) Failure in telling Americans about the true relationship with England/U.S. is but a "colony of the Crown (of England)"

Reference: CBS Channel 9 news, 5:45PM, 10/30/05 Sunday

Announcing Prince Charles and his wife would visit the U.S.,

"a colony of the Crown (of England)";





This article covers part of checking up on the U.S., whose Southern (Confederate) Presidents have been actively destroying the Constitution without the understanding of most Americans.



The most recent U.S. Presidents who have had a hand in the ongoing destruction of the U.S. Constitution are:



President Lyndon Baines Johnson (Texas – Confederate State)

President Richard Nixon (Texas – Confederate State)

President Ronald Reagan (Texas – Confederate State)

President James Earl Carter (Georgia – Confederate State)

President George Bush (Texas – Confederate State)

President William Clinton (Arkansas – Confederate State)

President George W. Bush (Texas – Confederate State)



See John Nelson, legal researcher's article at http://myweb.ecomplanet.com/GORA8037 for the U.S. President's role in destroying the U.S. Constitution, etc.



By impeaching the U.S. President, not only can the rights afforded by the U.S. Constitution be maintained, but it will also be a credible sign to other nations that Americans are NOT about WAR, the wrongful Pl under Ing Upon Inn *o* CENTS.



The removal/withdrawal of the American military from the Middle East/other nations will help to keep in check:



1) the Foreign Policies;

2) the Media (mostly Jewish run) who promotes WAR for GREED/money, resources, etc.;

3) and would impede the progress of the World being dominated by the 'UPPER CLASS'/a few seeking control of a slave world society/ New World Order/ One World Order.

4) Question the United Nations and the President's need to connect with other nations.

5) Question the United Nations and the CFR /Council on Foreign Relations made up of U.S., England, and the bankers.

6) Question the basis of Allen Dulles, former CIA/Central Intelligence Agency's former chief who prepared a report recommending the following:



"….a world government, strong immediate limitation on national sovereignty, international control of all armies and navies, a universal system of money, world-wide freedom of immigration, progressive elimination of all tariff and quota restrictions on world trade and a democratically-controlled world bank." – Allen Dulles 1942



"The report also called for world-wide redistribution of wealth. It held that a "new order of economic life is both imminent and imperative." "It accepted Marxian concepts by denouncing various defects in the profit system as being responsible for breeding war, demagogues, and dictators."



7) Take a step back and watch the U.S. and Russia's possible merger into a world government:



Dulles in 1946 said:



"Moreover, Communism as an economic program for social reconstruction has points of contact with the social message of Christianity as in its avowed concern for the underprivileged and its insistence on racial equality…neither state socialism nor free enterprise provides a perfect economic system; each can learn from the experience of the other…the free enterprise system has yet to prove it can assure steady production and employment…Soviet socialism has changed mch particularly in placing greater dependence upon the incentive of personal gain."



Do note that in the "first 25 years of Communist control of Russia" the "mass murder of 20-million human beings" occurred.

"15-million persons" were in Soviet Slave Labor camps in 1946;



From 1946 – 1963, the communists "exterminated another 40-million people in Russia, China, Hungary, Cuba, Poland, Tibet and Korea."



Note and Comments:



Being that the treasonous activities, Communist affiliations of the Presidents, including the building of the United Nations, does this mean that the recent count of 655,000 Iraqi's who were killed adds to the additional count of Communist mass murders?



The United Nations is communist based, headed by England, the WAR arm U.S., and funded by the international bankers.



The U.S. Constitution has been TAMPERED WITH by U.S. Presidents of a slave state background/Confederate States with less than a full recognition as the other States. See John Nelson's article at http://myweb.ecomplanet.com/GORA8037 and other issues of IOLANI – The Royal Hawk for U.S. President's backgrounds, etc.



As a reminder: Russia, the U.S., England were part of the 1822 Secret Treaty of Verona along with Austria, France, Prussia and assistance from the Vatican. See Wolfram Graetz, researcher's finds in the U.S. Congress records in IOLANI – The Royal Hawk issues or go to his website:



8. Royal families exist documenting excessive frauds, criminal deviance, Pirates of the Pacific and Friends. 9. Royal families, excluding the clowns(not Crown's) - Kawananakoa's, have filed liens/notices/affidavits (1996, 2005, 2007, etc.) for the world to see. 9. Royal families, excluding the clowns(not Crown's) - Kawananakoa's, document the truth and defend out kanaka maoli and others for their ancestral land claims, health, safety, and maintain peaceful, neutral status while recognizing the permanent treaties with other nations affecting Royal persons, descendants of Kamehameha, etals. today. An example of one of the land claims: General - IOLANI PALACE has Owners Subscribe

From: hwnwahine Aug-19 9:02 pm
To: ALL (1 of 1)

2.1

A Hawaiian national treasure has owners. Descendants of the Alii exist. Criminal entity State of Hawaii (headed by penis nosed Jew Linda Lingle) moves to charge Hawaiian activist groups for entering OUR families properties.The Iolani Palace was the official residence of the Hawaiian Kingdom's last two monarchs--King Kalakaua, who built the Palace in 1882, and his sister and successor, Queen Lili`uokalani. Princess Poomaikelani, and others lived there during the monarchy period, the Palace was the center of social and political activity in the Kingdom of Hawai`i.
Though its grandeur was neglected after the premeditated plan to dethrone the Queen/ monarchy, assume the lands, assets, resources, etc., Queen Liliuokalani continued to press on with her claims, including the fact that the U.S. breached the law of nations, etc.


Theft, removal of rugs, furniture, artifacts, paintings, silverware, plates, etc. was made and auctioned off to PIRATES OF THE PACIFIC: Charles Reed Bishop and friends, also known as treasonous persons, conspirators, TERRORISTS against Queen Liliuokalani, the Royal families, and people/subjects of the Kingdom of Hawaii/Hawaiian Kingdom/Hawaiian archipelago, aka's.

Restoration began in the 1970s through efforts of concerned individuals. The thieves slowly returned the artifacts as well. Restoration and preservation continues, and, as a result, today's visitors, view the Palace without legal or granted jurisdiction to the premises.

The IOLANI PALACE has documented owners who are NOT related to the entity State of Hawaii, U.S. - a nation who breached the law of Nations and premeditated the move against our Queen and people in 1893, etc.

Reference: See Affidavit/Liens at the Bureau of Conveyances, Honolulu, Oahu, www.theiolani.blogspot.com and many news articles about Hawaii at www.newyorktimes.com archives regarding the Pearl Harbor treaty, etc.

To date, the following activists and their followers have been wrongfully charged, imprisoned, harrassed:

Bumpy Kanahele

Mahealani Asing

Akahi Nui

P.S. The entity State of Hawaii has no jurisdiction in Hawaii. Criminal activities continue against our kanaka maoli.

aloha.













******************************************Summary: Kamehameha's, King Kalakaua's, Queen Liliuokalani's, Princess Poomaikelani's, etals. descendants exist. The entity State of Hawaii has no jurisdiction in the Hawaiian archipelago. They are occupiers with evidence of premeditation moves against our people. Do occupiers have the right to prosecute our kanaka maoli to the full extent of the law? whose law(s)....Pirates laws!? Who are the legal owners of the Iolani Palace/ the Palace....the citizens of the occupiers? then move the Palace people because the land that it's sitting on has owners who happen to be the Royal families in Hawaii.... the descendants of Kamehameha, Mataio Kekuanaoa, John Young, and heirs of Charles Kanaina, etals.....whose ancestors did not participate in the criminal moves of an entity currently occupying the rightful government of our Hawaiian archipelago, etc. What do we do with the Pirates folks? If all 30+ kanaka maoli 'groups'/ governments came together.....I think the answer will come! aloha.
**********************************************************************************from Steve Gowans: Zunes' actions: I'm all for free speech, so long as it doesn't affect me
personally

By Stephen Gowans

http://gowans.blogspot.com/

Like the autocratic governments he criticizes, Stephen Zunes' tolerance of
free speech stops at criticism of himself. Yesterday, he asked
WordPress.Com, which hosts my blog, What's Left, to shut me down over
critical comments I made in my September 4 post, "The War Over South
Ossetia." This is indeed strange behavior for a critic of autocracies who
celebrates pro-democracy movements against governments that allegedly limit
civil and political liberties, including advocacy rights.

Anyone visiting my blog on Saturday would have been presented with the
following message: This blog has been suspended or archived for violation of
the terms of service.

When I asked WordPress why I had been shut down, WordPress lifted the
suspension and sent this explanation:

Hi,

Your blog is posting information about a certain individual who writes for
antiwar.com . The information identifies him and makes wrong statements
about who he works for.

If you can fully prove what you write then you are welcome to do so. If not
you cannot do this. While some allegations or opinions of people can be
published without a problem - we are not restricting free speech -
publishing information
which could lead to harm is something we do take action on.

Can you help by editing the post(s) concerned?

Mark

I replied to Mark that same day.

Hi Mark,

It's difficult to be sure that by making the edits you request that I will
address the complaint, because I can't be sure who says I've made wrong
statements about who he works for and therefore I can't be sure which edits
are called for. I can only guess.

My guess is that the complainant is Stephen Zunes. He recently wrote an
article for antiwar.com (and you say the individual writes for antiwar.com)
and he complained elsewhere about a September 4 post of mine, and not that
I've made a wrong statement about who he works for, but that I've made a
wrong statement about the nature of the organization an associate of his is
the head of.

The statement does not reflect my own opinion, but is documented in the
academic literature. The statement -- that the organization Freedom House,
is interlocked with the CIA -- is documented in Edward S. Herman and Noam
Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media,
Pantheon Books, New York, 1988, p. 28.

Assuming the Zunes' complaint led to my blog being suspended, and inasmuch
as the references to Zunes in the post are incidental, I've removed them. I
trust this satisfies your concerns.

Steve

Mark from WordPress replied:

Thanks.

It's always difficult for us when someone does state that actual harm could
come to them and we do what we can to check. We are not out to stifle any
criticisms, just hopefully remove the parts that were causing the problem.

You are correct in who you said it was.

Mark

Stephen Zunes left a comment on my War over South Ossetia article on the In
These New Times web site, where the article had been re-posted. He did not
leave a comment on my WordPress blog.

"Gowans falsely claims in his article that I believe that Georgian president
Saakashvili is a "great democrat." I never said such a thing. In fact, I am
highly critical of Saakashvili (see my article
http://www.antiwar.com/zunes/?articleid=13332 ) and have written about his
authoritarian tendencies, as well as U.S. support for the Georgian
government and the U.S. role in the recent war.

More seriously, Stephen Gowans accuses me of being an associate of someone
who heads an organization that is interlocked with the CIA. In reality, I am
not an associate of anyone who heads any organization which has any
connections with the CIA. Anyone familiar with the scholarly work, my
political writings, and my activism know that I would never do such a
thing."
The comment appears in the original at
http://inthesenewtimes.com/2008/09/05/the-war-over-south-ossetia/#comments

Regarding Zunes' complaint:

Zunes is academic advisor to the International Center for Nonviolent
Conflict. The Center is headed by Peter Ackerman. Peter Ackerman is also the
head of Freedom House. According to Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky, "Freedom
House, which dates back to the early 1940s, has had interlocks with AIM, the
World Anticommunist League, Resistance International and U.S. government
bodies such as Radio Free Europe and the CIA, and has long served as a
virtual propaganda arm of the government and international right wing."

On innumerable occasions, Zunes has celebrated the Rose Revolution, and
other US-sponsored and manipulated movements that have cleared the way for
the rise to power of US proxies. In the opening paragraphs of his February
17, 2008 Z-Net article, "Nonviolent Action and Pro-Democracy Struggles," he
refers to these movements as "popular nonviolent civil insurrections" to
topple "corrupt and autocratic regimes," and makes specific mention of the
Rose Revolution in Georgia, the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, and the ouster
of Milosevic in Serbia.

Significantly, all three swept Russian-aligned leaders out of power, and
installed US clients who have imposed neo-liberal policies and moved to
re-orient their economies and militaries toward the US. All three received
financial and other backing from government agencies, wealthy individuals
and ruling class think tanks in the West, including from Freedom House. At
least two of the leaders installed as a result of these "popular nonviolent
civil insurrections" have trampled on political and civil liberties and
violated their own laws to pursue US ruling class interests.

While celebrating the Rose Revolution as a popular nonviolent civil
insurrection to oust an autocratic and corrupt government, Zunes now claims
to be critical of Saakashvili. Perhaps he is. But it is as impossible to
separate Saakashvili from the Rose Revolution as it is to separate Lenin
from the Bolshevik Revolution. Zunes' celebrating the Rose Revolution, while
saying he is critical of Saakashvili, is like celebrating unprotected sex
with prostitutes and intravenous drug users and then deploring HIV
infection. Indeed, therein is the essential character of Zunes'
disingenuousness. He acts as a cheerleader for a process which brings
champions of US ruling class interests to power, and then deplores the
outcome. Either he is incapable of following a causal chain, or his game is
to bamboozle others into believing that the "popular nonviolent uprisings"
he and his friends champion are not part of the apparatus of US imperialism,
but are spontaneous uprisings against autocracy. Spontaneous and home-grown
they are not.

Significantly, in the same opening paragraphs of the abovementioned Z-Net
article, Zunes accuses the governments of Zimbabwe, Iran, Belarus, and
Myanmar – all targets of Washington's regime change program – as
"disingenuously" claiming that "popular nonviolent civil insurrections of
the kind that toppled" governments "in Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine" are
somehow part of an effort by the" US government "to instigate 'soft coups'
against governments deemed hostile to American interests and replace them by
more compliant regimes."

In keeping with Zunes' own modus operandi, the leaders of these countries
might reply that Zunes has made false allegations, since he cannot know
whether their fears of a US soft coup are disingenuous or not, without
knowing their minds, and without knowing what evidence they have of a soft
coup in the making.

The evidence is not lean. The history of US relations with these countries;
Washington's stated intentions to seek to change the governments of all
four; the richly documented involvement of "nonviolent prodemocracy"
activists in training insurrectionists; and the interconnections among
nonviolent prodemocracy advocates, US ruling class think tanks, and US
government agencies, all point to fears of soft coups being justified. To
offer a single example: In April of 2007, the US State Department
acknowledged that it was working with Zimbabwean prodemocracy advocates to
overthrow the Mugabe government. Harare's pointing to this is not
disingenuousness and demagogy; it's reality.

While Zunes wraps himself in the flags of "democracy" and
"anti-authoritarianism" his behavior doesn't seem to be particularly
democratic or anti-authoritarian. I know of no one who relies so desperately
on appeals to authority to make his case as Zunes does. When he wanted to
stifle criticism of color revolution guru, Gene Sharp -- and shutting down
offending WordPress blogs wasn't an option -- he enlisted Noam Chomsky and
Howard Zinn to sign a letter in defense of Sharp. For Zunes this obviated
the drudgery of putting together something like a coherent fact-based
defense of Sharp, and obviated Zunes' readers from having to think for
themselves. Instead, they were invited to let Chomksy and Zinn do their
thinking for them. This hardly strikes me as being consistent with the
anti-authoritarian canon.

As regards Zunes' commitment to democracy, you can decide for yourself
whether the "popular insurrections" in Georgia, Ukraine and Serbia -- which
Zunes celebrates -- have led to any advance in the project of democracy in
those countries, conceived either in liberal, Marxist or classical terms. On
the contrary, the outcome of these US-sponsored and manipulated
insurrections has been uniformly negative for the people, and uniformly
positive for the US ruling class. But, given who's funding these
insurrections, that should come as no surprise.
*****************************************************The War over South Ossetia

By Stephen Gowans

On August 4, 2008, Russia's deputy foreign minister Grigory Karasin phoned
US assistant secretary of state Daniel Fried to complain about the build-up
of Georgian troops in the vicinity of South Ossetia. [1] Two days later,
South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoity, having evidence that Georgia planned a
military strike before the month was out, told Denis Keefe, Britain's
ambassador to Georgia, that a Georgian invasion was imminent. [2]

Georgia had increased its military budget from $30 million to $1 billion per
year, under its US-aligned president, Mikhail Saakashvili, relying on deep
infusions of aid from Washington. [3] A country of only 8 million, Georgia
had sent 2,000 troops to help US forces occupy Iraq, the third largest
occupation force in the oil-rich country, after the US and Britain. Tbilisi
"considered participation in Iraq as a sure way to prepare the Georgian
military for 'national reunification' – the local euphemism of choice for
restoring Abkhazia and South Ossetia to Georgian control." [4]

Georgia's attack was emboldened by three US moves: the sending of "advisers
to build up the Georgian military, including an exercise" in July "with more
than 1,000 American troops"; Washington's "pressing hard to bring Georgia
into the NATO orbit;" and the US "loudly proclaiming its support for
Georgia's territorial integrity in the battle with Russia over Georgia's
separatist enclaves." [5]

On the eve of the war, Russia convoked an emergency meeting of the UN
Security Council, presenting a resolution that called on both sides to
renounce the use of force. [6] The US, Britain and France refused to back
the resolution, arguing that it was unbalanced. Only South Ossetia and
Russia should be called upon to renounce the use of force, they said.
Georgia should be allowed to defend herself. [7]

The above shows that far from restraining the Georgian hand, the US was
facilitating, even encouraging, an attack; that the South Ossetians and
Russians anticipated an attack and that the Russians used their position at
the United Nations to try to stop it; and that the West was setting the
stage to blame the attack on the victims.

Continued at
http://gowans.wordpress.com/2008/09/04/the-war-over-south-ossetia/




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Rob Kall, OpEdNews
Newest Articles


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By Paul Kruger
Poll: Did McCain Steal Obama's Flags?
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Poll: What Are Real Conservative 'Small Town Values'?
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Vying To Be Toughest
Both US presidential candidates promise permanent wars, including use of first strike nuclear weapons. The two political conventions prove democracy in America is pure fantasy.
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The NEED To Dream And For Open Debate
It is 'We the People' who must make change, and to do that we must grow our democracy through challenge, tolerance, respect and compromise--the achievements of open debate. And it is in that debate that we are not alone. The clear and responsible mind can recognize significant leaders of change and voices of a diverse nation.
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WHERE ARE OBAMA AND BIDEN -- PLAYING BRIDGE???
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Chuck Hagel Has Proven To Be The Maverick And Not John McCain
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Heating, Eating Or Sleeping: Pick One
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MENTAL HEALTH ETCETERA AND NOTES
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Global General Strike Starts Now: South Africa
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Our Constitution Under Attack, Our Democracy Eroding; America Watches In Silence
Over the past 7-1/2 years America has been watching events unfold that threaten our Constitution, as the executive branch of this government proclaims itself a unitary power that is above the laws of the land. The judiciary branch is now no more than a tool of the White House designed to suppress investigative processes. The House and the Senate have completely failed to provide Congressional oversight over this White House.
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Country First, My Butt
Let's be clear: the Republicans running our government and the ones they want to lead us for the next four years have not put the country first and certainly have not put the people in the top ten. They have stolen the Constitution and I have lost count of how many have been convicted of felonies or are currently under indictment, or are being investigated, which includes Sarah Palin.
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McCain's Misogyny & Fear Keep Palin On Tight Leash
The image of McCain hovering over Palin is the constant at every appearance. McCain's public subjugation of Palin, and her public acceptance of it, set male-female advancement back decades.
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Maced, Beaten, Tortured, Enough Is Enough
Maybe you are happy with your civil liberties. Some of us are not. It's not a case of move when you are told. It's a case of drawing a line. For a bunch of us the government has stepped over the line. You should be thankful that people are reminding them that they cannot cross certain lines.
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Country Last
What a scary show the Republicans put on in St. Paul.
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What Sarah Palin Didn't Tell Us
In her acceptance speech at the RNC, Sarah Palin covered the talking points that would win favor with her audience. At the same time, she chose to ignore some important considerations that could make all the difference in voters' minds.
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In Admonishment Of Senator McCain
A respectful admonition of Senator McCain for his incessant, overweening references to his experiences as a POW.
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No Wolf Whistles For Sarah Palin's Compassion
Sarah Palin is the subject of hundreds of commentaries. Dr. Brasch, in NOT commenting upon Palin, comments upon a lot of problems, one of the most significant being that is is truly not pro-life.
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Displaced Poor Arrive In New Orleans As Saints Go Marching In
As buses continue to arrive in New Orleans bringing the displaced poor back home after 7 days away, the New Orleans Saints kick off their season, just blocks away.
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The Challenge Of Population Growth
World population growth is not same everywhere. Developed countries are experiencing shrinking populations, while in developing countries the population is growing at a faster rate. High population growth is a burden on poor countries as it seriously hinders their economic growth. The article recommends measures to limit population growth in developing countries where the condition may have already reached a crisis level.
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John McCain's Apocalyptic Foreign Policy
Whatever John McCain says about having a different foreign policy than George W. Bush. He is still very neoconservative influenced, indeed perhaps even more so than Bush.
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AZ Election Official Arrested For Flagging Tampered Ballots: Charged With Criminal Trespass
During Saturday's audit of Pima County ballots from Arizona's primary election, official observer John Brakey was forcibly removed by sheriffs when he raised questions about possible ballot tampering. At least seven ballot bags arrived unlocked or lacked proper chain of custody documentation. Elections Director Brad Nelson had Brakey arrested and charged with criminal trespass.
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The Last Of The Obsidian Artifacts In Puerto Vallarta
The ancient Guachimontes site is of such significance that on July 12, 2006, it was added to the World Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee of Unesco. It is in a region rich in mineral wealth and obsidian and is well worth the 10 hour day tour from Vallarta.
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McCain: Maverick, Mad Man Or Sad Clown
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The Honorable Congressmen From.....
Lawmakers
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Is It Politics For McCain, Or 'Stockholm Syndrome'?
John McCain shows signs of Stckholm Syndrome - a psychological disorder that causes hostages to fall in love with their captors.
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4 More Years!!!
The Result of McCain Being Elected President of the USA.
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ACLU: Know Your Rights: What To Do If Stopped (or Abused) By Police
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"Conspiracy" Terrorists Arrested
We Should All be Sleeping Better
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Until Sarah Palin Avails Herself To The Media...A Blackout By The Media Is In Order
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The Son Of Cain
Nationalism again.
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Speeches And Non-Speeches
One real speech and one that wasn't. A stark contrast
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Pakistan (and Iraq Et Al): "Phased (in) Democracy" Vs. "Instant (Jammed) Democracy"
A new model for Democracy export/import.
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My Letter To The National Rifle Association
I am happy you support the 2nd amendment. Myself and my family have always been collectors and hunters. But the NRA is throwing the baby out with the bath water.
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Is There Freedom To Think In Politics?
First-time voter trying to understand why political affiliation guides voters instead of true assessment of the best candidate.
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It's Friday 9/5/08 -- Time For Another Bank Failure (or Two). FNMA, FHLMC "Can I Please BUY A VOWEL?"
The FDIC expects more bank failures this year. There are over 100 banks on the "watch list". You better check your accounts - Your money may be at risk.
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The Maine Path To Sustainable Living
Introduces a community housing development initiative, self sufficient with respect to food and energy, that originates in Maine
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What The Hell Is A Social Conservative?
A discussion of how the political spinmeisters change the meaning of words, or invent new ones, to suit their purposes.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/What-the-hell-is-a-social-by-Raff-Ellis-080907-270.htmlBy Judy Swindler
Sarah Palin VP? Don't Bet On It
As online betting establishments monitor Sarah Palin's latest unfolding scandals, including 'PottyMouthGate' and 'FlirtationGate', their betting line will give Americans a good feel for how Sarah Palin is perceived by the general public in the Lower 48, whether Sarah Palin will survive mounting scandal and whether John McCain will survive Sarah Palin.
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Flagging Down The GOP
The GOP has no compunction about trashing the Democratic Party when it furthers GOP falsehoods. Yet I've not heard of any bill promoted by the GOP to limit the use of the American flag on retail items that are invariably trashed without a second thought.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Flaging-Down-the-GOP-by-James-Nimmo-080906-345.htmlBy Ephraim
Why..., Believe A Lie..., About Genesis??
What Creationism and Theology teach about Genesis is not true.
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Dalai Lama'a Brother,Takster Rimpoche, Dies In Indiana
He was author of "This is My Country," a really great book.
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A Matter Of Rape-Speak: The New York Times On Serbia
Rape-Speak is the lingua franca of the foreign policy establishment, of which the New York Times is one of the primary instruments. Articles are phrased in a manner that literally wallpapers over reality, in an attempt to create a new reality that muffles the voices it is intended to silence into submission.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/A-matter-of-Rape-Speak-Th-by-Peter-Duveen-080907-884.htmlBy D.C. Rapier
Senator McCain, End The Pandering Of Your Military Service
The vast majority of those who serve their country, and particularly those who see action, are heroes in silence and humility.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Senator-McCain-End-the-Pa-by-D-C-Rapier-080907-958.htmlBy Winston
GOP Emptiness.
I haven't heard a blessed word about the benchmarks that Iraq had to meet or just the mathematical fact that 11 out of 18 is 61% and change. I guess that qualifies as a gentleman's C in W's Yale, but why isn't our media challenging mini-me about this non-fuzzy math? Woodward's latest book is just the latest evidence that demonstrates that W lied to us and spied on his hand-picked Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/GOP-emptiness-by-winston-080906-251.htmlBy Edwin Rutsch
RNC GOP Conservatives Failed To Remember Small Town Values
Here's a funny clip from the Daily Show's coverage of the Republican National Convention. In their various speeches, conservatives made a big point of trying to connect their Failed Conservative Values to Small Town Values. Yes, they never give up on the values debate and always try to add a new wrinkle to their rhetorical values debate arsenal. However, this time the Daily Show's best darn news team on the planet went o
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Nuclear Power: Unsafe In Any Dose
At every stage--extraction, production, and storage--uranium poses a serious threat to human health. A major leak at a French reactor run by Areva raises serious doubts about the safety of current reactors and untested new designs. Candidate McCain presents nuclear power as a viable energy source--can we trust our politicians to tell us nuclear power is safe?
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Nuclear-Power-Unsafe-in-a-by-JohnPeebles-080905-316.htmlBy Ed Tubbs
Can America Be Saved . . . From Itself?
By every standard and measurement, for at least the past three decades, America has been seized in mass cognitive dissonance; the conflict in the individual when presented facts tend to contradict deeply held beliefs.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Can-America-be-saved----by-Ed-Tubbs-080905-76.htmlBy Gregory Paul
Of Course It Matters
The pregnancy of the Palin daughter exposes the pratical failings and political cynicism of the traditionalist world view of human sexual activities
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Of-Course-It-Matters-by-Gregory-Paul-080906-596.htmlBy GLloyd Rowsey
The Political Economy Of Secrecy
Information is power. In a society organized according to principles of rationality and justice, information will be universally available and widely diffused, permeating the social order with power. In a society organized according to capitalist principles, information will be concentrated in the hands of a ruling class and its agents, augmenting and even displacing the force required to maintain capitalist inequities.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/THE-POLITICAL-ECONOMY-OF-S-by-GLloyd-Rowsey-080907-614.htmlBy Kevin Gosztola
Proceeding Onward In The Face Of A Dark Political Climate
In the past two weeks, I've been to Denver and St. Paul for the Democratic and Republican conventions. What I've found the two conventions to have in common is that both the parties subscribe to the politics of the possible and limit the terms for change and advancement of policies whether liberal or conservative.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Proceeding-Onward-in-the-F-by-Kevin-Gosztola-080907-298.htmlBy Mahdi Ibn-ziyad
Bold Lies, Deceit, And The Poitics Of Consequence
About civic virtue and good political ethics vs the lies and deceit of politicians and public redress possibilities for those concerned,
http://www.opednews.com/articles/BOLD-LIES-DECEIT-AND-THE-by-mahdi-ibn-ziyad-080906-808.htmlBy Roger Shuler
The Smoking Gun Behind GOP Corruption
Why is today's Republican Party so corrupt? Perhaps the party's ties to Big Tobacco explain it.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/The-Smoking-Gun-Behind-GOP-by-Roger-Shuler-080907-992.htmlBy Carol Wolman
Breaking The Spell With 9-11 Truth
The evidence that 9-11 was an inside job is mounting. The country is hypnotized into passivity with lies and fears. 9-11 truth can break the spell.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/BREAKING-THE-SPELL--WITH-by-Carol-Wolman-080907-248.htmlBy E. Nelson
Al Franken: Minnesota's Hardest Working Soon To Be Next U.S. Senator
Al Franken's comeback trail has been dependent on his "roll-up the sleeves" hard work and his grass-roots organizing skills. He has recently pulled ahead of Republican incumbent Norm Coleman and has put the much needed Minnesota senatorial seat, formerly held by Paul Wellstone, back into play for the Democrats.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Al-Franken-Minnesota-s-ha-by-E-Nelson-080907-233.htmlBy Bruce K. Gagnon
REPORT ON TRIP TO MINNESOTA
As the limited and over-hyped violence in St. Paul played out I flashed back to Vonnegut's novel Player Piano that told the story about young people who had no role or stake in society destroying the machines as a way to reject the social order and attempt to recreate a new society.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/REPORT-ON-TRIP-TO-MINNESOT-by-Bruce-K-Gagnon-080907-665.htmlBy Barbara Bellows-TerraNova
Corrective Bible Study For Palin
A Christian listener to the Diane Rehm Show calls Sarah Palin to task for her mockery of community organizing.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Corrective-Bible-Study-for-by-Barbara-Bellows-Te-080907-545.htmlBy JGideon
'Daily Voting News' For September 07, 2008
a collection of local, state, national and international articles on electronic voting and election issues
http://www.opednews.com/articles/-Daily-Voting-News-For-Se-by-JGideon-080907-176.htmlBy Mikhail Lyubansky
Out Of The Ashes: A New German Jewry?
At the end of WWII, the roughly 750,000 German Jews were reduced to a mere 10,000. In the early 1990s, the newly unified Germany decided to rebuild its Jewish population -- by targeting Russian-speaking Jews from the former Soviet Union. Remarkably, about 200,000 Russian Jews have since emigrated to Germany. This group now comprises 90% of the nation's Jewish population. This is the story of the new Germany Jewry.
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Out-of-the-ashes-A-new-Ge-by-Mikhail-Lyubansky-080907-797.html
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Editor's Choice
In search of equity
Fiona Godlee, editor, BMJ fgodlee@bmj.comIt's almost 30 years since the Black report on inequalities in health in England and Wales, commissioned in 1977 by a Labour government but given a cold reception in 1980 by their Conservative successors. In contrast, we have good reason to hope that WHO will embrace Michael Marmot's far more ambitious report, commissioned by its former director general, Lee Jong-wook, and delivered to his successor Margaret Chan in Geneva last week. George Davey Smith has been critical in the past of such reports. His BMJ editorial, with colleagues, about the 1998 Acheson report on health inequalities was less than favourable (www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/317/7171/1465). This time around his, and Nancy Krieger's, praise is fulsome (doi:10.1136/bmj.a1526). At last, he writes, an official report has the honesty and courage to say that social injustice is killing people on a grand scale. The real test, though, will be in what happens next. The report's scope is enormous, covering a wide range of social determinants of health and diverse local circumstances around the world. Each country will need its own strategy for implementation, and any success will depend on government departments —health, education, employment, urban planning—working across their entrenched silos. Bids for equity appear elsewhere in this week's BMJ. Direct to consumer advertising of prescription drugs turns out to cause disproportionate harm to women, says Barbara Mintzes in her editorial (doi:10.1136/bmj.a985). Campaigners in Canada are using this inequity—partly explained by women's greater use of prescription drugs—to bolster the country's consumer advertising ban, which is under assault from media groups as well as cross border advertising from the United States. In their longitudinal study, Michael Law and colleagues found that US television advertisements viewed in Canada caused a rise in prescriptions for tegaserod, a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome that was later withdrawn because of safety concerns (doi:10.1136/bmj .a1055). Another call for equity comes in this week's head to head debate, which asks whether a national qualifying exam would be a fair way to rank medical students. Chris Ricketts and Julian Archer (doi:10.1136/bmj.a1282) argue that the UK's current system of leaving it to individual medical schools is unfair. They call for more standardisation and a national curriculum to allow comparisons between medical schools. They also think this will improve patient care. Ian Noble (doi:10.1136/bmj.a1279) is not convinced. A national exam would, he says, damage diversity and innovation in medical education, would be hard to implement, and would emphasise knowledge over performance. Knowledge alone is clearly not sufficient in making good doctors, but it is necessary. You can test your knowledge in our new educational clinical quiz, Endgames (doi:10.1136/bmj.a107, doi:10.1136/bmj.a196, doi:10.1136/bmj.a207, doi:10.1136/bmj.a1482). Compiled from peer reviewed contributions from readers, it will cover clinical medicine and statistics. Short and long answers are available on bmj.com. There's also a prize quiz, chosen from the BMJ's sister product, OnExamination (www.onexamination.com). We hope you'll find it educational and entertaining. Cite this as: BMJ 2008;337:a1554

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KRISTENSENFrance announced further reductions in its nuclear arsenal; weapons modernization continues.VIEW ALL *********************** Bee Gees Stayin' Alive 03:36 From: robinrhysjones Views: 1,367,585 Bee Gees - Night Fever (live, 1997) 01:50 From: raymondje Views: 1,405,057 Bee Gees - Too Much Heaven04:58 From: beegeestv Views: 303,151 Bee Gees-You should be dancing 04:14 From: AndersonCouncel2 Views: 215,204 Los Del Rio - Macarena LosDel Rio - Macarena Macarena music video...los del rio macarena Added: 11 months ago From: Rozzy85 Views: 1,681,557 03:41More in Music aloha.************ ********* ********* ********ADVERTISEMENTSIO-IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO-IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO- IO-IO-IO-*Advertise ments GREG WONGHAM hosted the show CORRUPTION IN HAWAII on OLELO TV. http://www.the- catbird-seat. net/IndonesianCo nnection. htmhttp://www.the- catbird-seat. net/GE.htmhttp://www.the- catbird-seat. net/BrokenTrust. htmhttp://www.greatert hings.com/ News/Clinton- Scandals/ Riadi-Hawaiian_Link/ greg.htmGreg states that "the number-one purveyor of broadcast news in thiscountry-- NBC, with both MSNBC and CNBC under its wing, as well as NBC news and a variety of "news magazines"-- is now owned and controlled by General Electric, one of the nation's largest defense contractors. 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